TRAITÉ DES MALADIES DES FEMMES GROSSES, et de celles qui sont accouchées; Enseignant la bonne & veritable methode pour bien aider les femmes en leurs accouchements naturels, & les moyes des remedier à tous ceux qui sont contre nature, & aux indispositions des enfans nouveau-nés: Avec une description tres-exacte de toutes les parties de la femme qui servent à la generation; le tout accompagné de plusieurs figures conenables au sujet. Quatriéme édition corrigée par l’Auteur, & augmentée de plusieurs nouvelles figures, & de beaucoup d’observations tre-considerables; avec des aphorismes qui contiennent tous les principaux preceptes de l’Art. A Paris, Chez Laurent d’Houry ... 1694. [BOUND WITH]. OBSERVATIONS SUR LA GROSSESSE ET L’ACCOUCHEMENT DES FEMMES et sur leurs maladies & celles des enfans nouveau-nez. En chacune desquelles les causes & les raisons des principaux évenemens sont décrits & expliquées. A Paris, Chez l’Auteur ... 1694. [colophon] Paris, Jean Anisson, directeur de l'Imprimerie royale, 1694. [BOUND WITH]. OBSERVATIONS PARTICULIERS sur la grossesse et l’accouchement des femmes. Replique de Mr. Mauriceau à la réponse de Mr. Peu. [n.p, but Paris, 1693].
1693. Three works in one volume, 4to; pp. [xii], 555,  index, with engraved frontispiece portrait by Picard and dated 1693, and 32 full and half page engravings, some drawn by Du Cerceau, and engraved by either Audran or Lombard, with attractive woodcut head- and tail-pieces; pp. [viii], 572, [ii], [i] colophon, four pages of final gathering CCcc transposed; pp. 31; all three volumes a little browned and spotted, with small ink burn in gutter of preliminary leaves of the Traité, some occasional marginal dampstaining, but most noticeable in upper margins of pp. 95-137, 177-185, and 263-271 of the Observations; with occasional contemporary annotations in ink, most extensive on p. 245 of the Observations; faint trace of inscription on front free endpaper and title-page, but sadly illegible; A attractive sammelband, bound as originally issued containing the revised and augmented fourth edition (first 1668), of the most outstanding textbook of the time, together with the first edition of his subsequent compendium of seven hundred case histories dealing with pregnancy and childbirth. A scarce supplementary essay, a response by Mauriceau penned to M. Peu, is also bound at the end of the work.
“Mauriceau (1637-1709) a Parisian, was an ordinary surgeon and not a doctor of medicine, but his close observation and detailed studies of the fetus, the pregnant uterus, the female pelvis, and the techniques of delivery made him a leading obstetrician of his time” (Heirs 604). His case histories, as outlined in the ‘Observations’ ‘are models of clear and succinct description, revealing him to be a skilled and experienced practitioner’ (Heirs 606).
“Mauriceau has been called 'the oracle of the obstetrician of his century' (Naegele) ... The publication of [his] work on The Diseases of Women in Pregnancy and Childbirth in 1668 was a milestone in the history of obstetrics, providing a tremendous impetus towards its establishment and recognition as a speciality. It soon became the standard textbook and went through several editions up to 1740, was translated into Dutch, German, Italian, Latin, and was published in the well-known translation into English ...” (The Womans Booke, p. 65).
Philippe Peu (1623-1707) was a pupil of Mauriceau, but later criticised his use of forceps, and the two became embroiled in a heated public argument, Peu being openly critical of his mentor in his own work of 1694, La Pratique des Accouchements’. The final supplement included here, dated on the final leaf, is one in a series of written attacks between the two, the ‘Avertisement’ of the Observations, also being critical of Peu’s work. Garrison-Morton 6147 (first 1668); Grolier '100' 33 (first); Krivatsy 7593; Norman 1461 (first) and 1462; Wellcome IV p. 85; see The Womans Booke, pp. 64-67.
Condition: in contemporary mottled calf, spine in compartments with raised bands, extensively tooled in gilt with red morocco label, some wear at head and tail of spine, with later repair at head of spine and to corners , joints a little rubbed with a small crack towards tail of upper joint, covers a little scuffed, extremities rubbed and bumped; a good copy.