DE L’ART DU FONTENIER SONDEUR ET DES PUITS ARTÉSIENS, ou Mémoire sur les différentes Espèces de Terrains dans lesquels on doit rechercher des Eaux Souterraines, et sur les Moyens qu'il faut employer pour ramener une Partie de ces Eaux a la Surface du Sol, a l'Aide de la Sonde du Mineur ou du Fontenier. A Paris, Chez Carilian-Goeury, Librairie des Ingénieurs et de L’Ecole royale des Ponts et Chaussées, et de l’Ecole royale des Mines, quai des Augustins, no. 41.
1822. Large 4to, pp. 143; cancels 4/2 and 8/4; slip cancel pasted over the original imprint ‘De l’Imprimerie de Madame Huzard’; nineteen folding engraved plates (a little foxed as usual, with some occasional light marginal dampstaining though not touching image) containing 126 figures; aside from some occasional light foxing, and minor marginal dampstaining, a fresh, crisp copy; a most attractive copy bound in contemporary quarter sheep with embossed imitation green ribbed morocco, borders decoratively tooled in gilt, spine also in gilt with red morocco label, extremities a little bumped and worn. Scarce first edition, variant issue, and an attractive wide-margined copy, of "the most copious work ever published on artesian wells." (Sotheran 8275m 2nd ed. of 1826), intended for the use of miners, well-drillers, geologists and the like.
‘We owe the most complete and authentic information on Artesian wells to M. F. Garnier... his work... contains not only clear directions for boring these wells, with plans of the requisite instruments, but also such sound views regarding the origin of subterranean aqueous reservoirs, and so well founded on facts, that we cannot be far wrong in supposing everywhere the same.’ (Poggendorff, ‘On Artesian or Overflowing Wells’, The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 1830, 111–123.)
In Artesian wells, named after Artois in France, very pure water in limestone strata comes to the surface under its own pressure, without pumping. Such wells are obviously of great economic importance and for this reason a number of bodies in France offered prizes for the best essay on the subject. Garnier’s essay won the prize of 3000 francs offered by the Société d’encouragement pour l'industrie nationale, but the extent of his treatise and the number of plates made it impractical to print it in the Bulletin of the society as would normally have been done. Instead it was issued as this monograph, the publication of which was funded by the French government.
Garnier (1785-1865) was an engineer in the Corps Royal des Mines, and was at the time Ingénieur des Mines at Arras (see ‘Les Annales des Mines’, www.annales.org/archives/x/garnier.html). The excellent and highly detailed plates depict the various pieces of drilling equipment described in the text, as well as cross-sections of geological strata. The attractive binding is an attempt to make an expensive looking binding out of cheap materials.
The copies cited on OCLC have Madame Huzard as printer. On the present copy, the details of Chez Carilian have been pasted on to the title page, over this earlier imprint.
A second, enlarged edition, was published as Traité des puits in 1826, and was also translated into German in 1824.
Bibliography: Roller and Goodman I, p. 444; not in the Bibliotheca Mechanica; OCLC: 8639679 and OCLC: 47930942 though locating only US copies at Oklahoma, Northwestern and the Library of Congress, Yale, Delaware and the Academy of Natural Sciences.