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  • Raising funds for the library - celebrating a small collection notable for including a book owned by Archbishop Cranmer
    THE GRAMMAR SCHOOL OF LEIGH, by [COLLECTION PRESERVATION.] BAILEY, John E.
    [COLLECTION PRESERVATION.] BAILEY, John E.
    THE GRAMMAR SCHOOL OF LEIGH, Co. Lancaster, and its Library. A lecture delivered to the members of the Leigh Literary Society, 10th February, 1879. [Reprinted from “The Leigh Chronicle”.] Leigh, Lancashire: Printed and Published at the “Chronicle” Office. Manchester: T. J. Day, 53, Market Street. [Price threepence.] [1879].

    1879. 8vo, pp. 30, [2]; a little spotted and browned throughout, with some marginal soiling, final verso more prominently soiled, with a few small marginal nicks and tears; evidence of previous vertical fold throughout, small library date stamp at tail of title-page verso; First separate edition, of this short essay first read before the Leigh Literary Society, effectively a fund-raising appeal to raise funds to preserve and grow the collection, and providing a rare insight into an established provincial school library. ‘The collection of books, about six score in number, forming the Library of the Grammar School in Leigh - the only relic of this kind in Lancashire - is interesting, not only on account of the comparative rarity of…

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    1879. 8vo, pp. 30, [2]; a little spotted and browned throughout, with some marginal soiling, final verso more prominently soiled, with a few small marginal nicks and tears; evidence of previous vertical fold throughout, small library date stamp at tail of title-page verso; First separate edition, of this short essay first read before the Leigh Literary Society, effectively a fund-raising appeal to raise funds to preserve and grow the collection, and providing a rare insight into an established provincial school library. ‘The collection of books, about six score in number, forming the Library of the Grammar School in Leigh - the only relic of this kind in Lancashire - is interesting, not only on account of the comparative rarity of the volumes, but also from the many local reminiscences which are centred in them as being once owned, according to the inscriptions in them, by the benefactors, the masters, or scholars of the school. The books are also of value because they present a view of the kind of literature that served two hundred years ago to form part of a schoolmaster’s library, and likewise the common schoolbooks of the boys’ (p. 5).
    The earliest Grammar schools were founded in the 16th century with the specific aim of teaching and instructing the children of the poor. One of the earliest was Manchester Grammar school, established in 1519. The North-west of England, in particular, benefited from the spread of ‘new learning’, with Dr Thomas Linacre, physician to Henry VII and an associate and contemporary of Thomas More and Erasmus, helping to reform education practices in nearly Wigan - only a few miles from Leigh, and where the present Grammar School was founded towards the end of the 16th century, although the exact date is unknown.
    As the present essay reveals, the school benefited from the gift of a number of book collections during the 17th century, with an emphasis upon Latin and Greek classical texts, and upon theology. One former master, Ralph Pilling, is identified as being a principle benefactor, and who was also responsible for the erection of the present schoolhouse. Very much a working collection, Bailey notes that the 120 mainly 8vo volumes are ‘more or less in a defective condition’ having been traced and scribbled upon, lacking covers, and generally ‘ill-used by the boys’.
    He highlights a number of what he considers to be the high-spots, including a 1652 edition of Record’s arithmetic unknown to Professor de Morgan; a copy of the Colloquies of Corderius; a 1612 Venice printing of ‘the Enchiridon Methodicon of Nicephorous... an interesting specimen of Greek printing’; an edition of ‘Ethics or Moral Discipline’ by Eustachius (1573-1640); and a 1645 Amsterdam edition of Erasmus’s De Copia Verborum ac Rerum.
    No doubt the ‘gem of the collection’, however, is a copy of Melanchthons’ Proverbs of Solomon from 1525, and bearing the Episcopal signature of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, of Canterbury. How the copy ended up in ‘this obscure corner of England’ may never been ascertained, Bailey notes, but his books were dispersed when he was committed to the Tower by Queen Mary.
    Bailey concludes is erudite essay with a plea to his audience, the Literary Society of Leigh, to honour the foundations laid by Ralph Pilling and to continue to ‘cultivate and disseminate a taste for reading and study - to enter into the spirit of his good deeds by rebuilding his old school, and by using what remains of his books to form the nucleus of a library for the schoolboys and for the town’ (p. 30). OCLC locates copies at Chicago, the New York Public Library, Manchester and the British Library.

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    Condition: stitched as issued in the original blue printed wrappers, spine chipped and worn with loss and somewhat delicate, though holding, with loss of corners to rear wrappers; ex-libris from the Board of Education with their library stamp on front cover, and book-label on rear wrapper.

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  • MÉTHODE DE PRÉPARER ET CONSERVER LES ANIMAUX DE TOUTES LES CLASSES, by [COLLECTION PRESERVATION.] NICOLAS, Pierre François.
    [COLLECTION PRESERVATION.] NICOLAS, Pierre François.
    MÉTHODE DE PRÉPARER ET CONSERVER LES ANIMAUX DE TOUTES LES CLASSES, pour les cabinets d’histoire naturelle. Avec dix planches gravées en taille-douche. A Paris, Chez F. Buisson, Imp.-Lib. rue Hautefeuille, no. 20. An IX.

    1801. 8vo, pp. [vi], viii, [9] - 228, [2] blank; with 10 folding engraved plates; some occasional light soiling and spotting, but otherwise clean and crisp; First edition of this contribution to the growing number of taxidermy handbooks published during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, in response to growing demands amongst the wider scientific community for better methods of preserving natural history specimens.
    The French physician and biologist Pierre-François Nicolas (1743-1816) taught natural history at the university at Nancy between 1795-1798. After resigning, he worked in Paris for two years before becoming professor of chemistry in Caen in 1801. In the present work, Nicolas presents a summary of contemporary knowledge and practices of the day. The ten…

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    1801. 8vo, pp. [vi], viii, [9] - 228, [2] blank; with 10 folding engraved plates; some occasional light soiling and spotting, but otherwise clean and crisp; First edition of this contribution to the growing number of taxidermy handbooks published during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, in response to growing demands amongst the wider scientific community for better methods of preserving natural history specimens.
    The French physician and biologist Pierre-François Nicolas (1743-1816) taught natural history at the university at Nancy between 1795-1798. After resigning, he worked in Paris for two years before becoming professor of chemistry in Caen in 1801. In the present work, Nicolas presents a summary of contemporary knowledge and practices of the day. The ten folding plates, drawn by himself, illustrate the tools required, and the methods for preserving various animals, birds, insects and reptiles. Nicolas is critical of a number of contemporary methods which he deems to be inadequate, offering up many of his own techniques as being superior. In particular, he addresses the problem of insect damage to specimens. The use of poison to deter insects was a matter of some debate at the time, and many were trying to find alternative methods. It was believed that the insects were attracted to bird skins in particular by the decomposing fat left on skins. To counter this, Nicolas proposed a two step procedure that called for soaking the skin in a tanning solution then treating it with a soapy pomade. He claims to have had extraordinary success with his technique, but other naturalists failed to duplicate his results, and for this reason his method did not win many adherents.
    The present work is dedicated to the Minister of the Interior, Lucien Bonaparte, a younger brother of Napoleon. One wonders whether this dedicated helped to secure his position at Caen in the same year. See Paul Lawrence Farber, ‘The Development of Taxidermy and the History of Ornithology’, Isis Vol. 68, No. 4 (Dec., 1977), pp. 550-566.

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    Condition: contemporary calf-backed marbled boards, spine tooled in gilt with red morocco label, light rubbed to head and tail of spine and joints, fore-edge of upper board nicked splitting paper, corners a little bumped, extremities rubbed and lightly worn.

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  • ARITHMETIC, THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL. by CUSACK, James.
    CUSACK, James.
    ARITHMETIC, THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL. A complete text book on the principles and practice of arithmetic. For certificate students, scholarship candidates, pupil teachers, and civil service candidates. Second Edition. London: City of London Book Depôt, White Street and Finsbury Street, Moorfields. E. C.

    1901. 8vo, pp. xvi. 727, [1] blank, [4] advertisements; with a number of engravings and diagrams within the text; lightly browned throughout, with some occasional soiling and staining; one or two contemporary pencil calculations within margins; final advertisement leaf soiled and creased, and with tear at upper margin of final free endpaper with small loss; Uncommon second edition (first 1896) of this detailed and extensive text book, one of a series of works issued by James Cusack, and providing an insight into the provision of mathematical education at the turn of the century.
    ‘The present work is not intended as a first book on Arithmetic; it is intended for students already acquainted with methods, but who look for a…

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    1901. 8vo, pp. xvi. 727, [1] blank, [4] advertisements; with a number of engravings and diagrams within the text; lightly browned throughout, with some occasional soiling and staining; one or two contemporary pencil calculations within margins; final advertisement leaf soiled and creased, and with tear at upper margin of final free endpaper with small loss; Uncommon second edition (first 1896) of this detailed and extensive text book, one of a series of works issued by James Cusack, and providing an insight into the provision of mathematical education at the turn of the century.
    ‘The present work is not intended as a first book on Arithmetic; it is intended for students already acquainted with methods, but who look for a rational explanation of those methods, and of the principles underlying them... Throughout the work I have kept constantly before me the needs of the large number of young students scattered over the rural districts, who have little or no opportunity for receiving oral instruction in this important subject. Should any such student find any of my explanations insufficient, on receipt of a letter to that effect I shall be pleased to send whatever further explanation may be necessary’ (preface).
    S. Blows in his 1890 ‘Cusack’s Principles of Logic, prepared expressly to meet the requirements of the syllabus for certificate students’ (second edition), describes Cusack as a London Professor, and we believe that for some time he ran a private school in the city. Indeed the preface is signed by Cusack at ‘Day Training College, Moorfields, London, E.C.’ He produced a series of textbooks, all published by the City of London Book Depot, together with a number of boxed education kits, to be used in conjunction with the accompanying text-book. He appears to have worked in collaboration with not only S. Blows, but with Henry Armstrong, who penned ‘Cusack’s Solid Geometry’, which was to be used alongside his ‘Geometrikon’ boxed set.
    Other sets were produced to aid the teaching of drawing and shading models, with OCLC locating later 20th century publications on topics such as double-entry bookkeeping, (1911) and ‘the arithmetic of the decimal system’ (1920). OCLC locates copies of this second edition at the BL and Leicester only, with the first edition noted at Trinity College and the National Library of Scotland.

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    Condition: in the original publisher’s cloth, ruled and lettered in gilt, inner hinges split but holding, small nick at head of spine, spine a little sunned and creased, covers lightly soiled and scuffed, extremities bumped and worn; a sound copy.

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  • DENTAL MOULD FOR INCISOR AND CANINE ARTIFICIAL TEETH by [DENTISTRY.]
    [DENTISTRY.]
    DENTAL MOULD FOR INCISOR AND CANINE ARTIFICIAL TEETH cast in solid brass and comprising the two opposing impressed halves. Stamped with the nos 5. n.p. n.d. but presumed to be English and ca. early 20th century.

    1920. Solid brass mould, inner plate 125 x 82mm, set within outer brass frame one side with two locking pins, the whole 160 x 93 x 25mm; signs of light wear and burnishing, though impressions barely warn and still clear and pronounced, upper surface with some abrasion; a heavy item weighing 2.5kg. Original brass mould with 42 impressions for incisor and canine teeth - seemingly for both both primary and secondary teeth. Sadly the manufacturer is anonymous, though we believe it to be English. The only identifying feature is the number 5, indicating this to be one of a series of similar plates.
    The history of dentures and artificial teeth dates back to the Etruscans, and were traditionally made…

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    1920. Solid brass mould, inner plate 125 x 82mm, set within outer brass frame one side with two locking pins, the whole 160 x 93 x 25mm; signs of light wear and burnishing, though impressions barely warn and still clear and pronounced, upper surface with some abrasion; a heavy item weighing 2.5kg. Original brass mould with 42 impressions for incisor and canine teeth - seemingly for both both primary and secondary teeth. Sadly the manufacturer is anonymous, though we believe it to be English. The only identifying feature is the number 5, indicating this to be one of a series of similar plates.
    The history of dentures and artificial teeth dates back to the Etruscans, and were traditionally made of wood, ivory, and indeed human teeth - a practice which lasted well into the 19th century. The 18th century saw the development of porcelain artificial teeth and dentures, though these were prone to chip and could be ‘noisy’. The nineteenth century saw significant improvements, thanks largely to the work of S.S. White in the US, and Claudius Ash in London. Porcelain was replaced by Vulcanite, with the 20th century eventually seeing this replaced by acrylic resin and other plastics.
    Brass moulds came into common use during the 19th century, and were considered preferable to plaster of Paris moulds, being more durable and producing more uniform and better teeth. As Paul Goddard noted in his classic work of 1844 ‘The Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology of the Human Teeth’, it was important to ensure that the ‘cavities in which the teeth are to be moulded, must be one-fifth larger than the tooth wanted, as the body shrinks in that proportion in baking’ (p. 162). The moulds would oiled and then filled with the prepared paste. ‘The cavities are not only to be filled, but a redundancy is left projecting, which is to be squeezed out by putting the back of the mould on and squeezing it in a vice’ (ibid).

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  • “RATHBONE” DENTAL UNIT by [DENTISTRY]. DENTAL MANUFACTURING CO.,
    [DENTISTRY]. DENTAL MANUFACTURING CO.,
    “RATHBONE” DENTAL UNIT The Dental Manufacturing Co. Ltd, Brock House, 97 Great Portland Street, London, W.1. [1937].

    1937. 4to, pp. 36, with four leaves of coloured plates, together with numerous text illustrations; with errata note tipped at tail of p. 33, and with three revised notes tipped on to p. 35; p. 33 torn at gutter but not touching text; Uncommon manufacturer’s catalogue promoting a complete dental ‘unit’ for modern dental practitioners. The ‘Rathbone’ reclining dental chair together with attached spotlighting, small basins, and moveable apparatus trays, was ‘based on a thorough investigation of the needs of modern dentistry and a study of the possibilities and limitations of dental units generally. The layout is such that every piece of apparatus comes readily and naturally to hand. The position and movements of each component have been planned so…

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    1937. 4to, pp. 36, with four leaves of coloured plates, together with numerous text illustrations; with errata note tipped at tail of p. 33, and with three revised notes tipped on to p. 35; p. 33 torn at gutter but not touching text; Uncommon manufacturer’s catalogue promoting a complete dental ‘unit’ for modern dental practitioners. The ‘Rathbone’ reclining dental chair together with attached spotlighting, small basins, and moveable apparatus trays, was ‘based on a thorough investigation of the needs of modern dentistry and a study of the possibilities and limitations of dental units generally. The layout is such that every piece of apparatus comes readily and naturally to hand. The position and movements of each component have been planned so that, when in use, the component can be brought to the most convenient position for the operator, and when not required, returned to a point where it will not impede him in any way’. OCLC locates one copy of the 1933 issue at the Wellcome.

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    Condition: stapled as issued in the original drab card wrappers, with colour plate mounted on upper cover, small tear at tail of upper cover, staples a little rusted, head and tail of spine bumped; an appealing copy.

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  • ODONTOLOGIA. by [DENTISTRY.] HAGELIN AND COLTHAM
    [DENTISTRY.] HAGELIN AND COLTHAM
    ODONTOLOGIA. Rare and Important Books in the History of Dentistry. an illustrated and annotated catalogue compiled by Ove Hagelin & Deborah Coltham for Svenska Tandläkare-Sällskapet, Swedish Dental Society. Stockholm. 2015. ISSN 1654-5354

    2015. The Swedish Dental Society, founded in 1860, accumulated an important historical collection of over 850 odontological books, the majority printed before 1920, and which today forms one of the major special collections deposited in the Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library in Stockholm. The catalogue comprises 208 pages and 161 illustrations with descriptions of 65 books including the earliest printed works from the sixteenth century entirely devoted to dentistry, as well as on how to cure toothache, on extraction, and on the replacement of false teeth. The collections includes first editions of several odontological classics, from Eustachi's Libellus de dentibus (1583) through to Jackson's Orthodontia of 1904 on the regulation of teeth, and including the most famous of them all, Pierre Fauchard's…

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    2015. The Swedish Dental Society, founded in 1860, accumulated an important historical collection of over 850 odontological books, the majority printed before 1920, and which today forms one of the major special collections deposited in the Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library in Stockholm. The catalogue comprises 208 pages and 161 illustrations with descriptions of 65 books including the earliest printed works from the sixteenth century entirely devoted to dentistry, as well as on how to cure toothache, on extraction, and on the replacement of false teeth. The collections includes first editions of several odontological classics, from Eustachi's Libellus de dentibus (1583) through to Jackson's Orthodontia of 1904 on the regulation of teeth, and including the most famous of them all, Pierre Fauchard's Chirurgien Déntiste, Paris, 1728. Each item is given a bibliographical description and at least one page with a historical commentary on the author and the importance of his work.
    **Temporarily out of stock - but more on order and will be available in due course.

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  • ABÉCÉDAIRE FRANÇAIS. by DESIR, Adeline.
    DESIR, Adeline.
    ABÉCÉDAIRE FRANÇAIS. Méthode A. Désir. Premier [ - dixième] tableau. Se vend chez l’auteur, 39 rue Jacob, Bourges, Imp. Ve Tardy-Pigelet et fils. [n.d. but ca.

    1873.]. Set of ten large, thick card tablets, 480 x 320 x 5mm; each with mounted printed sheet, with engraved vignette either at head or centrally, sheets all a little browned with some staining, soiling and scuffing or creasing in places, plain blue paper on verso, boards 1- 7 with the original green mottled paper edging (somewhat chipped and worn), boards 8 & 9 with later green cloth edging, and final board with no edging remaining and exposing the inner board; though extremities all somewhat rubbed, worn and a little dog-eared, otherwise a striking and rare survivor of an ephemeral teaching aid. A wonderfully striking and extremely scarce set of this didactic French ‘ABC’. The ‘Cours Désir’ was a private…

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    1873.]. Set of ten large, thick card tablets, 480 x 320 x 5mm; each with mounted printed sheet, with engraved vignette either at head or centrally, sheets all a little browned with some staining, soiling and scuffing or creasing in places, plain blue paper on verso, boards 1- 7 with the original green mottled paper edging (somewhat chipped and worn), boards 8 & 9 with later green cloth edging, and final board with no edging remaining and exposing the inner board; though extremities all somewhat rubbed, worn and a little dog-eared, otherwise a striking and rare survivor of an ephemeral teaching aid. A wonderfully striking and extremely scarce set of this didactic French ‘ABC’. The ‘Cours Désir’ was a private quasi-religious Catholic educational establishment set up by the Adeline Désir (1819-1875) in 1853. In particular it welcomed girls from the Parisian upper middle class, and its specific aim was to produce ‘cultured women’, with a focus upon religious education, and the arts, although Désir did place importance upon the role of science in the education of young women. The school took in full-and half boards, as well as some day pupils, from primary stage through to the baccalaureate, and also included a school for the training of women teachers. As the famous alumnus, Simone de Beauvoir, recounted in her ‘Memoirs of a Young Girl’, the school took care to distinguish itself from similar secular establishments, with the young girls enlisted into a ‘Eucharistic crusade’ as soon as they arrived. The number of hours of teaching a week did not exceed 12, and annual retreats were an important part of the school calendar. Students of the school were instantly recognisable by the manner of their bow: ‘un coup de pied droit en arrière avec un léger fléchissement de la jambe gauche’.
    The series of ten printed teaching aids, introduce the young child to the basic principles of the ‘Abécdaire français’, through a series of engraved images with accompanying moralistic printed text or verse, starting with the nativity, the farm, ‘Creator God’, a nest, the tale of the ‘Good little Marie’, ‘the two Ceciles’, the good brother, and the Innocent Saints, together with the remaining two boards giving an overview of the linguistic principles so far introduced. See Butsch, Une éducatrice d’avant-garde, Adeline Désir 1819-1875, 1956; OCLC locates only a set of the first six boards at the BnF, and which have a variant imprint of "Paris imp. A. Dutemple" as opposed to "Bourges, Imp. Ve Tardy-Pigelet and son".

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  • NOTICE SUR UN MOBILIER PRÉHISTORIQUE DE LA SIBÉRIE by DESOR, Edouard.
    DESOR, Edouard.
    NOTICE SUR UN MOBILIER PRÉHISTORIQUE DE LA SIBÉRIE Communiquée à la Société des sciences naturelles de Neuchâtel, dans sa séance du 1er Mai 1873. Neuchatel, Imprimerie de H. Wolfrath et Metzner. 1873.

    1873. 8vo, pp. 12, with double-page lithograph plate; An attractive presentation offprint of a lecture delivered before the Neuchâtel Society of Natural History on May 1st 1873. Desor, the noted geologist and professor at the Academy of Neuchâtel, here outlines a number of Bronze Age archaeological discoveries found in Siberia, many of which are depicted in the double-page plate, illustrating ‘objets préhistoriques en bronze des environs de Krasnojarsk sur le Jenisseï, Siberie’.
    Provenance: Sven Lovén (1809–1895) was a pioneering marine biologist (founder of the Kristineberg marine station) and arctic explorer, professor of invertebrate zoology at the Natural History Museum (Naturhistoriska Riksmuséet) in Stockholm. Poggendorff III, p. 355; OCLC records no copies in North America, with only one copy at…

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    1873. 8vo, pp. 12, with double-page lithograph plate; An attractive presentation offprint of a lecture delivered before the Neuchâtel Society of Natural History on May 1st 1873. Desor, the noted geologist and professor at the Academy of Neuchâtel, here outlines a number of Bronze Age archaeological discoveries found in Siberia, many of which are depicted in the double-page plate, illustrating ‘objets préhistoriques en bronze des environs de Krasnojarsk sur le Jenisseï, Siberie’.
    Provenance: Sven Lovén (1809–1895) was a pioneering marine biologist (founder of the Kristineberg marine station) and arctic explorer, professor of invertebrate zoology at the Natural History Museum (Naturhistoriska Riksmuséet) in Stockholm. Poggendorff III, p. 355; OCLC records no copies in North America, with only one copy at the Bibliotheque D’Art et D’Archeologie.

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    Condition: in the original blue wrappers, covers a little soiled and creased; a presentation copy signed on the upper cover, ‘Prof Loven, hommage de l’auteur’.

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  • A veritable Who’s Who of European High Society at the height of the Belle Époque
    LARGE OBLONG SOUVENIR ALBUM OF CALLING CARDS COMPILED BY THE NOTED VICTORIAN CONCERT PIANIST by DIETZ, Catinka de.
    DIETZ, Catinka de.
    LARGE OBLONG SOUVENIR ALBUM OF CALLING CARDS COMPILED BY THE NOTED VICTORIAN CONCERT PIANIST Catinka Mackenzie de Dietz, containing over 400 calling cards, greeting cards, printed menus, invitations, mourning cards, and post cards, from friends, colleagues and associates from across European High Society. [n.p.], [n.d. but ca.

    1890-1901.]. Large oblong album, 270 x 420 mm; ff. 33 leaves of thick paper 264 x 410mm; with 399 late Victorian calling cards, greeting cards, menus, invitations etc neatly mounted and organised, with a further 7 items loosely inserted, front and rear endpapers also used, four pages unused, and one calling card blank; a number of the cards signed or with manuscript messages of greeting, several of the mounted items with neat manuscript annotations penned below by Dietz; some light foxing, soiling throughout, with some offsetting and see-through caused by the glue, a few cards now a little faded, one or two slightly creased, and with a couple of small marginal tears; An extraordinary turn of the century personally compiled…

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    1890-1901.]. Large oblong album, 270 x 420 mm; ff. 33 leaves of thick paper 264 x 410mm; with 399 late Victorian calling cards, greeting cards, menus, invitations etc neatly mounted and organised, with a further 7 items loosely inserted, front and rear endpapers also used, four pages unused, and one calling card blank; a number of the cards signed or with manuscript messages of greeting, several of the mounted items with neat manuscript annotations penned below by Dietz; some light foxing, soiling throughout, with some offsetting and see-through caused by the glue, a few cards now a little faded, one or two slightly creased, and with a couple of small marginal tears; An extraordinary turn of the century personally compiled album of printed calling cards and correspondence, received over a number of years by Catinka [also Cathinka] Mackenzie de Dietz (1813-1901), noted concert pianist and former pianist to the Queen of Bavaria. As such, it throws a fascinating light upon her social circle, forming a veritable ‘Who’s Who’ of European Royalty and High Society, and made even more appealing by her acerbic and often slightly scandalous annotations! Dietz ‘made her Paris debut on 7 February 1836 at the Salle Pleyel with the first movement of Hummel's Concerto in A Minor and Kalkbrenner's staple debut piece - his Grand Duo in D for two pianos, Op. 128 - with Thalberg. Her career revolved around placements at royal courts. By 1840 she was pianist to the queen of Bavaria; the following year she played at the French court and was appointed pianist to the queen of the French in 1845. She composed salon pieces, played regularly for Queen Victoria, and was reported to have written an oratorio for which Queen Victoria accepted the dedication. Her pianistic style was Classical, firmly within the Kalkbrenner tradition. She sometimes published under her married name, Mackenzie von Dietz.’ (Katherine Ellis, "Female Pianists and Their Male Critics," Journal of the American Musicology Society Vol. 50 2/3, p. 359). She married William Mackenzie Shaw, Managing Director of the Antwerp and Rotterdam Railways, and they apparently divided their time between Paris and Saint Germain, no doubt entertaining quite extensively, if the present array of cards is anything to go by. Amongst the small number of loosely inserted additional material, are the two black-edged mourning invitations printed by Catinka for her husband after his death on December 7th 1890.
    The souvenir album houses predominantly elegantly printed calling cards, though Dietz has also retained and mounted a handful of greeting and Christmas cards, invitations, menus, and clippings. European Royalty are well represented, with several cards given by Princes, Princesses, Counts and Countesses, Viscountesses, and Barons. A high percentage of the cards have been given by other women. Others reveal her various artistic relationships, and as a whole, the album provides a wonderful snap-shot of social connections and late Victorian high society. A number have been inscribed by the giver with messages of esteem, whilst of particular appeal, Dietz herself has frequently added a little note below the card (usually in French, though sometimes English), and which often prove to be quite humorous and sometimes a little acerbic, adding some delicious flavour to this Who’s Who of the Belle Époque.
    Under the card for ‘Le Comte de Barck’ she has written ‘c'est dangereuse de s'embarquer avec lui?; Alderman Wilson of Beckenham apparently gave very good dinners; Mrs Crawford Bromehead apparently ‘found the tenors kinder than her husband,’; Mrs Baker ‘was a prim lady’; Mrs R. E. Hamer ‘Her pretty face greeted her two husbands’; under the card for Lady Caroline Murray ‘Sa famille ne payait pas ses dettes’; under the card for M. & Madame Ernest du Fresnel ‘Out of sight, out of mind’; for the painter James Frutier she notes that he ‘sells spinach’; E. Nathan, ‘miaule sur son violoncelle et fait le tendre auprès du beau sexe’, whilst Camille Philipp ‘est sourd et pourtant la déesse de la mélodie lui prodigue ses faveurs’ (is deaf and yet the godess of melody lavishes him with favours). The lawyer Malioche apparently ‘does business with lost funds’, whilst she describes Georges Stigelli as ‘a heavy German who made himself an Italian singer by adding an i to his name’; whilst Albert Anschutz, a professor of piano, ‘gives music lessons, cleans, composes lullabies and prepares baths for Madame’.
    Increasing attention is being given to the study of Victorian card ephemera, including calling cards, of which the present album provides a comprehensive and unique example. As the 19th century progressed, rules of deportment became more rigid, and cards helped define the complicated new social code and express its growing sentimentality. Barbara Rusch provides some insight into their importance in her essay ‘The Secret Life of Victorian Cards’ on the Ephemera Society of America’s website. ‘Cards were the ambassadors of social convention, and their subtle, covert messages were well understood by those who used them as tools in the creation of an image of respectability in an increasingly demanding and judgemental world. Particularly noteworthy are cards of social and cultural significance such as the visiting card. In Our Deportment, published in 1890, John Young observes: “To the unrefined or under-bred, the visiting card is but a trifling and insignificant bit of social paper; but to the cultured disciple of social law, it conveys a subtle and unmistakable intelligence. Its texture, style of engraving, and even the hour of leaving it to combine to place the stranger, whose name it bears, in a pleasant or a disagreeable attitude, even before his manners, conversation and face have been able to explain his social position.”... The use of cards in 19th-century daily life represented and helped define class, breeding, and status. They were a form of social contract, a common language, and ideology through which the Victorians communicated with one another, maintained moral standards and disseminated popular culture’ (Rusch).

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    Condition: in the original ribbed brown publisher’s cloth, ruled in blind with ‘Souvenir’ in gilt on upper cover, lower joint split at tail, spine somewhat sunned, small loss of cloth on upper cover, rear cover crinkled and stained at tail, with some wear along upper margin, corners a little bumped and worn.

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  • Portraits of the most notable figures in medical history
    GALERIE MÉDICALE by DOIN, G. T. AND P. R. VIGNERON.
    DOIN, G. T. AND P. R. VIGNERON.
    GALERIE MÉDICALE dessineé et lithographiée Par Vigneron avec des Notices biographiques et littéraires par G. T. Doin, Docteur en médecine de la Faculté de Paris &a. 1e Livraison. Publiée par G. Engelmann, Editeur, Imprimeur Lithographe, rue Louis-le-grand No. 27. A Paris. [n.d. but 1825-1829].

    1825. Small folio; pp. [ii] original printed green paper wrapper to first fascicle bound in as general title, [64] of biographical text; with 32 lithograph portraits; somewhat foxed throughout, with the text leaves for Linné, Aldrovani, Celsus, Sydenham and Bartez rather browned, and those for Chaussier and Haller at the end of the work heavily browned; Rare. A complete set bound together of this most striking lithograph ‘gallery’ of some of the most notable figures in medical history.
    The inspiration of the physician Guillaume Tell Doin (1794-1845), the lithographer Pierre Roche Vigneron (1789-1872), and the publisher G. Engelmann (1788-1839), according to a contemporary review in the ‘Archives générales de médecine; Journal publié par une société de médecins’ (Tome IX, p.…

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    1825. Small folio; pp. [ii] original printed green paper wrapper to first fascicle bound in as general title, [64] of biographical text; with 32 lithograph portraits; somewhat foxed throughout, with the text leaves for Linné, Aldrovani, Celsus, Sydenham and Bartez rather browned, and those for Chaussier and Haller at the end of the work heavily browned; Rare. A complete set bound together of this most striking lithograph ‘gallery’ of some of the most notable figures in medical history.
    The inspiration of the physician Guillaume Tell Doin (1794-1845), the lithographer Pierre Roche Vigneron (1789-1872), and the publisher G. Engelmann (1788-1839), according to a contemporary review in the ‘Archives générales de médecine; Journal publié par une société de médecins’ (Tome IX, p. 312, Sept 1825), the original intention was to produce one hundred portraits, the whole publication issued in a series of monthly fascicles containing four portraits together with accompanying biographical text. Normal copies on plain paper would cost 6fr, whilst more luxurious copies on China paper priced at 9fr. However, as later notices reveal, the plan was revised down to a proposed series of 10 fascicles - and indeed ultimately only eight were produced, with 32 fine lithograph portraits issued. No more were published, and being issued in individual fascicles, the plates more often than not, now appear individually. It is thus uncommon to find a bound copy of the complete series.
    In the present copy beginning with Hippocrates, (the order of the copy found at Padova is different) Doin and Vigneron have concentrated upon Western luminaries both ancient and modern, and thus we find included Galen, Leonard Fuchs, Andreas Vesalius, William Harvey, Albrecht von Haller, Philippe Pinel, Herman Boerhaave, Paul Joseph Barthez, and Edward Jenner. From the wider sphere, portraits of Carl Linnaeus and Nicolas Copernicus are also included, with the medieval Islamic polymath Averroes chosen as the sole representative from the Arabic world. Brunet II-789 (edition de 1825-1826); Pauly, Bibliographie des sciences medicales, I, p. 59 noting that only parts 1-8 published: OCLC locates copies at the New York Academy of Medicine, Syraceuse, Yale, the NLM and the Wellcome.

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    Condition: in black morocco backed pebble boards, spine in compartments with raised bands, ruled and lettered in gilt, with marbled endpapers, inner hinge cracked but holding firm, spine somewhat faded and lightly rubbed, extremities more prominently bumped and worn; with small library stamp on verso of final leaf ‘Don du Docteur Ch, Leroux, Hopital Civil de Versailles’.

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  • A CATALOGUE OF THE ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM, by [DUNCAN, Philip Bury, Keeper.]
    [DUNCAN, Philip Bury, Keeper.]
    A CATALOGUE OF THE ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM, Descriptive of the zoological specimens, antiquities, coins, and miscellaneous curiosities. Oxford, Printed by S. Collingwood.

    1836. Large 8vo, pp. [iv], viii, 188; with steel engraved frontispiece, folding steel engraved plate, and wood-engraved title-page vignette; plates a little browned and foxed, with some offsetting from frontispiece onto title-page, lightly browned throughout, gutter cracked at p. ii; ex-libris from Gloucester County Council with their stamp on front pastedown, and loosely inserted presentation bookplate at rear of book; First edition of this extensive catalogue, compiled by the Keeper of the Museum, Philip Bury Duncan (1772-1863). His brother, John Shute (?1769-1844), had preceded him in the role, and since 1824 had done much to improve the organisation of the Museum, which had been fallen into neglect. His appointment coincided with an upsurge of interest at Oxford in the study…

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    1836. Large 8vo, pp. [iv], viii, 188; with steel engraved frontispiece, folding steel engraved plate, and wood-engraved title-page vignette; plates a little browned and foxed, with some offsetting from frontispiece onto title-page, lightly browned throughout, gutter cracked at p. ii; ex-libris from Gloucester County Council with their stamp on front pastedown, and loosely inserted presentation bookplate at rear of book; First edition of this extensive catalogue, compiled by the Keeper of the Museum, Philip Bury Duncan (1772-1863). His brother, John Shute (?1769-1844), had preceded him in the role, and since 1824 had done much to improve the organisation of the Museum, which had been fallen into neglect. His appointment coincided with an upsurge of interest at Oxford in the study of natural history, and so with the general approval of the university, J. S. Duncan set about rearranging the collections, and undertaking much needed preservation and conservation work. Philip succeeded his brother in 1829, making further improvements, a note at the tail of p. viii stating that ‘since his appointment the Museum, in consequence of the addition of the Lower room, has been in a great measure newly arranged, and considerable additions have been made... the printed books and MSS. have been repaired, and catalogues made of these as well as the other contents of the Museum’. As Brock notes further ‘no other arrangement could have ensured a greater continuity of purpose than that which marked the transfer of the office from one brother to the other. Philip Duncan too promoted the cause of the natural sciences in Oxford, although his term of office saw the final alienation from the Ashmolean of the geological material which had once formed the principal element of its scientific collections. With the freeing of the ground-floor premises consequent on the departure of the geology professor and his specimens, Philip Duncan put in motion another radical programme of reorganization of the displays’ (Brock and Curthoys, The History of the University of Oxford Volume VI, Nineteenth Century Oxford, p. 600).
    The catalogue begins with a brief history of the collection. ‘It is agreed on by all our antiquarian, that the Tradescant collection, which was the foundation of the Ashmolean Museum, was the earliest exhibited in Great Britain... It is well known that the first collection of the curiosities, natural and artificial.. was made by John Tradescant, by birth a Dutchman, who is supposed to have come to England about the end of queen Elizabeth’s, or the beginning of James the First’s reign. He was a considerable time in the service of lord treasure Salisbury and Lord Wootton. He travelled in various parts of Europe as far as Russia; was in a fleet sent against the Algerines, and collected plants in Barbary and the isles of the Mediterranean. He had a garden at Lambeth, and in the reign of Charles the First, in 1629, bore the title of the king’s gardener. He was a man of extraordinary curiosity, was the first who in this country made any considerable collection of the subjects of natural history. His son, of the same name, went to Virginia, and imported many new plants from thence. His Museum, called Tradescant’s Ark, attracted the curiosity of the age, and was much frequented by the great, by whose means it was also considerably enlarged, as appears by the list of his benefactors, printed at the end of his Museum Tradescantianum... The son inherited his collection, and bequeathed it by a deed of gift to Elias Ashmole, who lodged in Tradescant’s house. It afterwards becoming a part of the Ashmolean Museum... He was successively a solicitor in chancery, when Oxford was garrisoned by the royal army, an exciseman, a comptroller of the ordnance, a freemason, astrologer, botanist, chemist, anatomist, physician, and though last not least, a very learned herald... Ashmole enriched the Tradescant collection (which consisted chiefly of the skins and bones of animals) with a collection of medals, coins, and gold chains... and with manuscripts and printed books on heraldry and astrology, for he had purchased the library of Lilly the celebrated astrologer. The Museum has since been increased by Sir W. Dugdale’s, Anthony Wood’s, and the Aubrey manuscripts... It has also been enlarged by Martin Lister’s collections of shells and fossils, Lloyd’s, Plot’s, and Borlase’s, and other objects of natural history, and by Mr. Rheinhold Forster’s collection of the dresses and various instruments of the natives of the South Sea islands, and those of the Esquimaux Indians... It has been from time to time enriched by the valuable donations of many other benefactors, particularly by those of the Alfred gem, the large magnet, the very curious group of figures made with humming-birds’ feathers, and lately by a great portion of antiquities described in the Naemia Britannica, presented by the liberal antiquarian Sir Richard Colt Hoare’ (p. vi).
    The wood-engraved title page vignette is by Orlando Jewitt after W. A. Delamotte. The frontispiece is a steel-engraved view of the museum, engraved by John Le Keux after Frederick Mackenzie. The folding engraved plate depicts the giant lodestone presented to the Museum by the Countess of Westmoreland in 1756 (unsigned).

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    Condition: contemporary maroon pebble-grained cloth, black morocco label lettered in gilt on spine, head and tail of spine lightly bumped and worn, joints cracked but holding, spine and covers a little sunned and faded, corners a little worn.

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  • L’HERBIER DES DEMOISELLES by [EDUCATION.] AUDOUIT, Edmond.
    [EDUCATION.] AUDOUIT, Edmond.
    L’HERBIER DES DEMOISELLES ou Traité Complet de la Botanique présentée sous une forme nouvelle et spéciale, ouvrage orné de planches et illustré de jolies vignettes... dédié a Son Altesse Royale la Princesse de Joinville. Troisième édition revue et augmentée. Paris, Allouard et Kaeppelin, Libraire-Éditeur-Commissionnaires... 1848. [offered together with]: ATLAS DE L’HERBIER DES DEMOISELLES. Paris, Allouard et Kaeppelin, Libraire-Éditeur-Commissionnaires... 1850.

    1848. Two volumes, 8vo text and 4to atlas; pp. [viii] including blank, 475, [1] blank; with attractive engraved frontispiece showing young ladies gardening, and numerous text wood engravings of which the majority are hand-coloured, gathering 19 misbound; atlas ff. [2], 124, comprising 15 divisional part-titles, [1] index (pp 123-4) and 107 hand-coloured engraved plates; title-page and frontispiece of text volume a little foxed and browned, with occasional light foxing and marginal browning, and two book-labels on front paste-down; atlas title page with appealing hand-coloured vignette, half title and index leaf somewhat browned, a little foxed and soiled throughout; An attractive, though mixed set of the third edition (first 1847) and first edition, of this charming work of instruction for young…

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    1848. Two volumes, 8vo text and 4to atlas; pp. [viii] including blank, 475, [1] blank; with attractive engraved frontispiece showing young ladies gardening, and numerous text wood engravings of which the majority are hand-coloured, gathering 19 misbound; atlas ff. [2], 124, comprising 15 divisional part-titles, [1] index (pp 123-4) and 107 hand-coloured engraved plates; title-page and frontispiece of text volume a little foxed and browned, with occasional light foxing and marginal browning, and two book-labels on front paste-down; atlas title page with appealing hand-coloured vignette, half title and index leaf somewhat browned, a little foxed and soiled throughout; An attractive, though mixed set of the third edition (first 1847) and first edition, of this charming work of instruction for young French women about the cultivation of herbs, and for the establishment and care of a garden. Both text and atlas are most attractively illustrated and hand-coloured, with textual engravings and plates by F. Leblanc from drawings by Belaife, illustrating flowers, leaves, fruits, berries, seeds and mushrooms. The text volume was first published in 1847 and went through nine editions over twenty years. The much rarer atlas volume was separately issued first in 1850, and followed only by an undated 1865 edition. This separate issue and sale of both text and atlas has led to an inevitable scarcity of complete sets. Pritzel 283; Nissen BBI supp. 54n; Plesch p. 130; BMC NH, p. 71 (text vol.); see Gumunchian 395-398 for earlier editions; OCLC locates copies at Arizona and the Lloyd Library for this edition of the text, with seemingly only one copy of the atlas at Bern.

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    Condition: text volume in the original decorative blue publisher’s cloth, tooled in blind and gilt, all edges gilt, head and tail of spine lightly bumped, small tear to rear upper joint, gilt a little faded, surfaces and extremities scuffed and lightly worn; atlas volume in contemporary green quarter morocco over marbled boards, spine ruled and lettered in gilt, extremities a little bumped and rubbed.

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  • FOOD AND HOME COOKERY by [EDUCATION.] BUCKTON, Catherine M.
    [EDUCATION.] BUCKTON, Catherine M.
    FOOD AND HOME COOKERY A course of instruction in practical cookery and cleaning, for children in elementary schools, as followed in the schools of the Leeds School Board. Fourth edition. London, Longmans, Green, and Co.

    1879. 8vo, pp. x, [ii], 108; with four full page steel engraving plates (two highlighted in red and two described as being ‘from photograph’), and a number of smaller text illustrations; a little browned throughout with some occasional minor spotting and soiling, gutters exposed in a couple of plates; with two loosely inserted later recipes for barley water and some contemporary marginal annotations; Fourth edition (same year as the first) of this later Victorian introduction to home economics, one of a number of instructional works intended for the specific use of working class women and children and written by the leading Yorkshire social reformer and philanthropist Catherine M. Buckton (1827-1904).
    A founder member of the Ladies’ Council of the Yorkshire…

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    1879. 8vo, pp. x, [ii], 108; with four full page steel engraving plates (two highlighted in red and two described as being ‘from photograph’), and a number of smaller text illustrations; a little browned throughout with some occasional minor spotting and soiling, gutters exposed in a couple of plates; with two loosely inserted later recipes for barley water and some contemporary marginal annotations; Fourth edition (same year as the first) of this later Victorian introduction to home economics, one of a number of instructional works intended for the specific use of working class women and children and written by the leading Yorkshire social reformer and philanthropist Catherine M. Buckton (1827-1904).
    A founder member of the Ladies’ Council of the Yorkshire Board of Education, and the only ‘lady member of the Leeds School Board’, Catherine Buckton was a Unitarian and the wife of a local wool merchant and manufacturer. She had been delivering lecture courses for her fellow townswomen and ‘working sisters’ on a variety of health and sanitary topics for several years, including warning against the dangers of alcoholism, and advocating the benefits of vaccination. In 1875 some of these were published as ‘Health in the House. Twenty Five lectures on elementary physiology’, a work which was to prove immensely popular, going through several editions and subsequently being printed in Toronto. Clearly a passionate and indomitable woman, she here turns her attention to providing a ‘scheme of cookery’ in the hope of inducing in her young female charges ‘a love of cleanliness, personal neatness, and order; to give practical instruction; and to offer every aid to the girls and their parents to practise the lessons thus taught them in their own home’ (p. v).
    The lessons were given fortnightly and lasted for an hour and a half. Printed recipes were provided to the girls, which could then be taken home and repeated. A founder of the Yorkshire School of Cookery, she states that eight cookery centres had been established in Leeds to provide instruction, though all based in simple classrooms, rather than specialised kitchens. Bearing in mind that the girls would most likely be living in one room with a large family, the need to teach the principles of neatness and order when cooking in a small space was considered a virtue. Indeed several clever space-saving devices are illustrated - including the cookery cupboard housing the stove, and all necessary utensils - the doors of which were designed to be removed and then used as a work surface for food preparation. The work is divided into nineteen lessons, including chapters on bread making, roasting, cooking for the sick and invalids, on soups and stocks, the end of each ‘lesson’ concluding with a series of questions to be answered at home as well as a recipe. The four full-page engravings, two of which are ‘from photographs’ depict the girls at their studies, a typical kitchen grate, and the adaptable storage cupboard.
    At the same time, Buckton was also encouraging the girls to develop an interest in horticulture, and published ‘Town and Window Gardening’ (1879), once again based upon a series of lectures given to the children. Such was the success of the scheme that the School Board arranged for a Flower Show to be held, in which more than a thousand children competed. Crawford, The Women's Suffrage Movement in Britain and Ireland: A Regional Survey, p. 57.

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    Condition: in contemporary brown pebble-grained cloth, spine lettered in gilt, upper cover ruled and lettered in blind, inner hinges neatly strengthened, book block sitting a little proud, head of spine lightly torn, with further rubbing and light wear to joints and extremities, spine and cloth a little cockled; with contemporary ownership signature of ‘Mrs H. E. Smith, Norris Hill’ at head of title-page.

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  • EVERY-DAY WONDERS ILLUSTRATED; by [EDUCATION.] [BULLAR, Anne.]
    [EDUCATION.] [BULLAR, Anne.]
    EVERY-DAY WONDERS ILLUSTRATED; or, Facts in physiology which all should know. Philadelphia: American Sunday-School Union,... New York... Boston... Louisville... [Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1853, by the American Sunday School Union, in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania].

    1853. 12mo, pp. 188; with 42 small text engravings, and engraved tail-pieces; lightly browned and foxed throughout; without the final free endpaper; with library stamp of the ‘Sunday School of Olney St Church, Providence, R.I.’ on title-page and sporadically throughout; contemporary inscription on front free endpaper; Uncommon second expanded American edition (first American, 1851 as ‘Every-day wonders; or facts in physiology’), of this appealing work for children, which, although anonymous, we believe to be the work of the English authoress, Anne Bullar (1813-1856).
    According to Atwater the first American edition was published in Boston in 1851 by Phillips, Sampson & Co., and was a reprint from the London 1850. We believe that that 1850 edition was one of a…

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    1853. 12mo, pp. 188; with 42 small text engravings, and engraved tail-pieces; lightly browned and foxed throughout; without the final free endpaper; with library stamp of the ‘Sunday School of Olney St Church, Providence, R.I.’ on title-page and sporadically throughout; contemporary inscription on front free endpaper; Uncommon second expanded American edition (first American, 1851 as ‘Every-day wonders; or facts in physiology’), of this appealing work for children, which, although anonymous, we believe to be the work of the English authoress, Anne Bullar (1813-1856).
    According to Atwater the first American edition was published in Boston in 1851 by Phillips, Sampson & Co., and was a reprint from the London 1850. We believe that that 1850 edition was one of a number of instructional works for children written anonymously by Bullar and published by John van Voorst. A publisher’s advertisement for Voorst found in Paley’s 1858 second edition of ‘A Manual of Gothic Mouldings’, ascribes the work to her, together with ‘Domestic Scenes in Greenland and Iceland’ (1844), ‘England before the Norman Conquest’ (1851), and ‘Sunday Book for the Young’ (1855) - none of which are ascribed to her by either OCLC or COPAC. The preface to the present work is almost identical to that of the 1850 work, although a paragraph has been added at the end to say that ‘nearly one-third of the matter of the present edition of this popular volume has been contributed by a distinguished member of the medical profession in the United States, and the whole work has been carefully revised for permanent usefulness’. Three chapters have been added, but by and large the work is largely the same.
    It proved popular, and a third edition was published in England in 1862, though under the variant title ‘Every-day wonders of bodily life’ and now ascribed to Bullar. Aside from the Voorst advertisement, we have so far found no other source acknowledging her role as author for the work. Atwater 1095 (first American edition of 1851); copies located at the Library Company of Philadelphia, Harvard, Yale, Rochester, UCSF, Oklahoma, and Houston.

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    Condition: original green blindstamped publisher’s cloth, spine tooled and lettered in gilt (though somewhat faded), head of spine a little nicked and worn, spine sunned, covers a little faded and with light wear and bumping to extremities; a good copy.

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  • Attractive Multiplication Table for the Classroom
    TABLEAU DE PYTHAGORE. by [EDUCATIONAL TEACHING AID.] [MANUSCRIPT BROADSIDE.] [GUIBOURGEAUD, Jules.]
    [EDUCATIONAL TEACHING AID.] [MANUSCRIPT BROADSIDE.] [GUIBOURGEAUD, Jules.]
    TABLEAU DE PYTHAGORE. n.p. but France, and n.d. but ca. mid to late 19th century.

    1870. Single sheet, 330 x 425; neat manuscript seemingly in a single hand, mathematical table on recto only within double ruled and hand-coloured border, with attractive and decorative calligraphic title and compass at head, and with contemporary name (presumably that of creator) in manuscript within a red ruled rectangular box at tail; a number of previous horizontal and vertical folds visible, with some slightly staining along left margin, four neat tape repairs to verso, evidence that perhaps once folded and mounted within a bound volume perhaps. A rare survivor, and most appealing example of this famous educational aid - a multiplication table or ‘table of Pythagorus’. Attributed to the ancient Greek mathematician, the table appears to have been first brought…

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    1870. Single sheet, 330 x 425; neat manuscript seemingly in a single hand, mathematical table on recto only within double ruled and hand-coloured border, with attractive and decorative calligraphic title and compass at head, and with contemporary name (presumably that of creator) in manuscript within a red ruled rectangular box at tail; a number of previous horizontal and vertical folds visible, with some slightly staining along left margin, four neat tape repairs to verso, evidence that perhaps once folded and mounted within a bound volume perhaps. A rare survivor, and most appealing example of this famous educational aid - a multiplication table or ‘table of Pythagorus’. Attributed to the ancient Greek mathematician, the table appears to have been first brought to public attention by the Greco-Roman mathematician Nichomachus in his first century work ‘Introduction to Arithmetic’ (Introducio arithmeticae), though earlier Greek and Babylonian examples exist on wax tablets. This striking example in manuscript appears to be the work of Jules Guibourgeaud, presumably a teacher, and no doubt for use in a classroom.

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  • DR WILLIAMS’ ELECTRIC MEDICATED PADS by [ELECTROTHERAPY]. [ELECTRIC PAD MANUFACTURING COMPANY].
    [ELECTROTHERAPY]. [ELECTRIC PAD MANUFACTURING COMPANY].
    DR WILLIAMS’ ELECTRIC MEDICATED PADS and appliances. For the cure of Chronic Diseases. Made only by The Electric Pad Mfg Co., Brooklyn, N.Y. ca. 1885.

    1885. Small 12mo, pp. 32; with small portrait of Dr Williams on title page with a number of small woodcut illustrations; together with printed envelope, folding order form, and stamped addressed envelope to a customer; slightly foxed; The medicated pads were apparently discovered in Brazil by Professor V. G Williams of New York, the formulas for which passed into the hands of his son Percy G Williams in 1879. ‘Our pads are not only a cushion of medicine, each one made expressly to act upon the different organs, over which they are worn, but they contain in addition to this a simple but effective miniature electro-galvanic battery. This is acted upon by the drugs in the pad, and thus for…

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    1885. Small 12mo, pp. 32; with small portrait of Dr Williams on title page with a number of small woodcut illustrations; together with printed envelope, folding order form, and stamped addressed envelope to a customer; slightly foxed; The medicated pads were apparently discovered in Brazil by Professor V. G Williams of New York, the formulas for which passed into the hands of his son Percy G Williams in 1879. ‘Our pads are not only a cushion of medicine, each one made expressly to act upon the different organs, over which they are worn, but they contain in addition to this a simple but effective miniature electro-galvanic battery. This is acted upon by the drugs in the pad, and thus for the first time in the history of medicine a constant mild flow of electricity is constantly kept up without friction or the application of acids’ (p. 6). Illustrated are appliances for the chest, the liver and stomach, the kidney’s, a ladies pad or uterine appliance, and a ‘suspensory appliance... a positive and unfailing cure for seminal weakness’.

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    Condition: stitched as issued, in the original pink printed wrappers, with vignette of store on rear cover, with very small stab mark; a good copy.

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  • PULVERMACHER’S SELF-RESTORABLE POCKET CHAIN BATTERY by [ELECTROTHERAPY]. PULVERMACHER GALVANIC CO.,
    [ELECTROTHERAPY]. PULVERMACHER GALVANIC CO.,
    PULVERMACHER’S SELF-RESTORABLE POCKET CHAIN BATTERY Pulvermacher Galvanic Co., Cincinnati, Ohio, March 8th,

    1879. 8vo, pp [4] pamphlet printed in red, black and gilt, 255 x 168mm, together with accompanying, seemingly hand-written though possibly facsimile, two-sided letter on headed paper 285 x 216mm, and with original stamped envelope 90 x 155mm; pamphlet and letter with evidence of previous horizontal and vertical folds, envelope a little soiled and stained. A most striking pamphlet, partially printed in gilt, promoting one of a number of electro-galvanic appliances offered by this noted firm. First patented in the US in 1853 by the Viennese Doctor, Isaac Lewis Pulvermacher, (though previously demonstrated in both London and Edinburgh), the "electric belt" was a battery-powered flexible series of linked cells worn wrapped around parts of the body as a form of…

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    1879. 8vo, pp [4] pamphlet printed in red, black and gilt, 255 x 168mm, together with accompanying, seemingly hand-written though possibly facsimile, two-sided letter on headed paper 285 x 216mm, and with original stamped envelope 90 x 155mm; pamphlet and letter with evidence of previous horizontal and vertical folds, envelope a little soiled and stained. A most striking pamphlet, partially printed in gilt, promoting one of a number of electro-galvanic appliances offered by this noted firm. First patented in the US in 1853 by the Viennese Doctor, Isaac Lewis Pulvermacher, (though previously demonstrated in both London and Edinburgh), the "electric belt" was a battery-powered flexible series of linked cells worn wrapped around parts of the body as a form of the new medical treatment called "electrotherapy". It became particularly popular with quack practitioners, though received considerable criticism from the medical establishment, though some respectable physicians (whose names were sometimes used in Company ads without permission) had to admit that the Belt had some scientific usefulness. The Chain battery here advertised was yet another device, which could be used in conjunction with the belt and a suspensory appliance for the specific treatment of ‘impotence’. The various bands, belts and battery sets were advertised for cases of nervous debility, lost energy, spermatorrhoea, female complaints, epilepsy, paralysis, kidney disease and ‘other chronic disorders’.
    We believe the accompanying letter to be hand-written - though there is a hint of a facsimile about it and it does feel rather like a form letter - supported by the stamped note on the rear that ‘Owing to the vast extent of our business and the necessity for a routine of departments, all Letters of Advice are dictated by our Examining Electrician to his associates, and then referred to our mailing department, there to be addressed and dispatched by our Corresponding Secretary’. See Atwater 2899-2902.

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    View basket More details Price: £185.00
  • With the bookplate of Joseph Claude Anthelme Recamier on front pastedown
    NINETEENTH CENTURY MUSIC BOX HOUSED WITHIN A HOLLOWED OUT VOLUME OF ‘JOURNAL DE MEDECINE, CHIRURGIE, PHARMACIE, &c, by [FAUX BOOK OR ‘BLOOK’.]
    [FAUX BOOK OR ‘BLOOK’.]
    NINETEENTH CENTURY MUSIC BOX HOUSED WITHIN A HOLLOWED OUT VOLUME OF ‘JOURNAL DE MEDECINE, CHIRURGIE, PHARMACIE, &c, ... par M. Vandermonde... Janvier 1760, Tome XII. A Paris, Chez Vincent, Imprimeur-Libraire de Mgr le Duc de Bourgogne, rue. S. Severin...’

    1760. Later seemingly 19th century music box, the mechanism housed within hollowed out 8vo, with the winding key located at the rear of the book; An unusual example of a faux book, ‘buch atrappe’, ‘faux livre’, or ‘blook’ (the term coined by Mindell Dubansky for her own collection of ‘things that look like a book, but aren’t’), in this case housing what we believe to be a 19th century music box mechanism, added to a hollowed out and customised volume of the 18th century French medical ‘Journal de Medecine, Chirurgie, Pharmacie’, from January 1760. The winding key is located in at the rear of the volume, and once turned, the music plays when the front cover is lifted. The tune…

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    1760. Later seemingly 19th century music box, the mechanism housed within hollowed out 8vo, with the winding key located at the rear of the book; An unusual example of a faux book, ‘buch atrappe’, ‘faux livre’, or ‘blook’ (the term coined by Mindell Dubansky for her own collection of ‘things that look like a book, but aren’t’), in this case housing what we believe to be a 19th century music box mechanism, added to a hollowed out and customised volume of the 18th century French medical ‘Journal de Medecine, Chirurgie, Pharmacie’, from January 1760. The winding key is located in at the rear of the volume, and once turned, the music plays when the front cover is lifted. The tune is frustratingly familiar, and as yet unidentified, though possibly a Strauss Waltz.
    The volume has an interesting provenance, having the bookplate on the front paste-down of Joseph Claude Anselme Recamier (1774-1852), the noted French gynaecologist and a pioneer in the study of cancer metastasis. A unique example.

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    Condition: in the original mottled calf, spine in compartments with raised bands, expertly repaired and rebacked, with attractive gilt floral endpapers; ex-libris bookplate on front pastedown, ‘Ex Bibliotheca Joseph-Claudii-Anthelmi Recamier, Doctoris magni Parisiensis nosocomii Medici’; a most appealing example.

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  • DESCRIPTION DE LA NOUVELLE EGLISE DE L'HOSTEL ROYAL DES INVALIDES. by FÉLIBIEN DES AVAUX, Jean-François.
    FÉLIBIEN DES AVAUX, Jean-François.
    DESCRIPTION DE LA NOUVELLE EGLISE DE L'HOSTEL ROYAL DES INVALIDES. Avec un plan général de l'ancienne & de la nouvelle église. A Paris: [no publisher’s name on title but printer's name on P4v: De l'imprimerie d'Antoine Chrétien]

    1702. 12mo, pp. [iv] including first blank, 168, [8]; with engraved plan signed L. Loisel pasted to the margin of the final leaf as a throwout; plate shaved at top and bottom; some light marginal browning and soiling; The very rare first edition of Félibien’s description of the new church for the Invalides by Jules Hardouin Mansart, replacing Bruant’s original church. Félibien’s illustrated folio Description de l'eglise royale des invalides was published when the church was consecrated in 1706. At the same time this 12mo was re-issued with a second part ‘Contenant les peinture, & divers autres ornements’ and the engravings from the folio. Berlin 2486 and 2487 citing the 1706 editions only; OCLC records only copies at the Conservatoire…

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    1702. 12mo, pp. [iv] including first blank, 168, [8]; with engraved plan signed L. Loisel pasted to the margin of the final leaf as a throwout; plate shaved at top and bottom; some light marginal browning and soiling; The very rare first edition of Félibien’s description of the new church for the Invalides by Jules Hardouin Mansart, replacing Bruant’s original church. Félibien’s illustrated folio Description de l'eglise royale des invalides was published when the church was consecrated in 1706. At the same time this 12mo was re-issued with a second part ‘Contenant les peinture, & divers autres ornements’ and the engravings from the folio. Berlin 2486 and 2487 citing the 1706 editions only; OCLC records only copies at the Conservatoire National des arts et métiers and the BN (bound with the second part, 1706). The 1706 re-issue is found at the BN, CNAM, Göttingen, V&A, Getty, Duke, Princeton and Columbia.

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    Condition: in contemporary sprinkled calf, spine in compartments with raised bands, tolled in gilt with red morocco label, with marbled endpapers and red and brown sprinkled edges, head and tail of spine chipped and worn exposing headbands, joints rubbed with small nick to lower joint near tail, covers a little scuffed, corners worn; with the engraved armorial bookplate of the ‘Bibliotheca Reuterholmiana’ (Nils Esbjörnson Reuterholm 1676-1756) on front pastedown, and later 20th century bookplate of Evert Strokirk on front free endpaper.

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  • THE NATURAL METHOD OF HEALING. by [FLAP BOOKS]. BILZ, Friedrich Edouard.
    [FLAP BOOKS]. BILZ, Friedrich Edouard.
    THE NATURAL METHOD OF HEALING. A new and complete guide to Health by F. E. Bilz. Founder and Proprietor of the Bilz Sanatorium at Radebeul, Dresden, Germany. Translated from the latest German Edition. Upwards of 850,000 copies sold. With a portrait of the author and more than 700 illustrations, numerous coloured plates and several coloured folding models of the human body and its organs. All rights reserved. F. E. Bilz. Leipzig - London - Paris. [n.d. but ca. 1900].

    1901. Two volumes, large 8vo; pp. [iv], 736, [ii], 737-1050; [ii], 1051-1653, [3] blank, [ii] part title-page ‘Modes of Treatment’, [1657]-1760, [ii],1761-1776, [ii], 1777-1840, [ii], 1841-2074; with folding male mannikin with flaps together with accompanying folding explanatory leaf at front of Vol I, and folding female mannikin with flaps together with explanatory leaf in Vol II, folding leaf at rear of Vol I containing 7 illustrations with flaps on the anatomy of the nose, ear, eye, larynx, lungs, heart, and head, with folding frontispiece ’Distinguished exponents and protectors of the Natural Healing Method’, double-page chromolithograph showing Bilz’ Sanatorium embellised in gilt, and sepia lithograph portrait of the author, and with a further 30 chromolithograph plates (one double-page), and copious text…

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    1901. Two volumes, large 8vo; pp. [iv], 736, [ii], 737-1050; [ii], 1051-1653, [3] blank, [ii] part title-page ‘Modes of Treatment’, [1657]-1760, [ii],1761-1776, [ii], 1777-1840, [ii], 1841-2074; with folding male mannikin with flaps together with accompanying folding explanatory leaf at front of Vol I, and folding female mannikin with flaps together with explanatory leaf in Vol II, folding leaf at rear of Vol I containing 7 illustrations with flaps on the anatomy of the nose, ear, eye, larynx, lungs, heart, and head, with folding frontispiece ’Distinguished exponents and protectors of the Natural Healing Method’, double-page chromolithograph showing Bilz’ Sanatorium embellised in gilt, and sepia lithograph portrait of the author, and with a further 30 chromolithograph plates (one double-page), and copious text illustrations; double-page frontispiece somewhat browned with long vertical tape repair, and chipping to outer edge, portrait and first few leaves of Vol II also with edgewear and chipping; printed on rather poor paper quality thus browned and somewhat foxed and soiled throughout, with some marginal browning to the plates; with later signature dated 1905 on half-titles; A later English edition, testimony to its enduring popularity, of Bilz’ ‘Das neue Naturheilverfahren’ (first English 1898), and which was eventually translated into 12 languages. A striking piece of late Victorian bookmaking, and illustrative of the rise in popular medical publishing, the work is copiously illustrated including a number of ‘flap’ illustrations, together with chromolithographs depicting everything from poisonous mushrooms and medicinal herbs to gymnastics and swimming. Though in the present copy repaired, the set also includes the striking double-page chromolithograph depiction of Bilz’ Sanatorium, seemingly not always present, together with an interesting folding plate highlighting a number of leading exponents of the ‘Natural Method of Healing’. The second volume includes quite detailed discussions of the facilities available at the Sanatorium. A note has been added at the bottom of the depiction of the Sanatorium stating ‘High award at the Jubilee Exhibition, Vienna, 1898’.

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    Condition: in the original decorative brown publishers cloth, embossed and stamped in black and gilt, though rather faded, head and tail of spines and extremities lightly rubbed and worn, some cockling.

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