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  • From a patient ‘on the mend’ to his Doctor and fellow ‘regulars’
    SCHOENBRUNN by [HYDROTHERAPY.] [AMUSING ENGRAVED BROADSIDE ILLUSTRATED IN WATERCOLOUR.]
    [HYDROTHERAPY.] [AMUSING ENGRAVED BROADSIDE ILLUSTRATED IN WATERCOLOUR.]
    SCHOENBRUNN Au Docteur Hegglin et aux habitants de Schoenbrunn. Souvenir d’un retapé. 1880-1885. [n.p., n.d. but ca. 1890s-1900].

    1880. Single sheet of thick artist paper, 315 x 245mm, with central oval view of Bad Schoenbrunn done in watercolour, surrounded by a series of satirical black and white silhouette sketches and vignettes seemingly engraved, though possibly executed in pen and ink; print mounted on card 435 x 345mm; small correction made to the lower central silhouette, with what appears to be a very small photograph image of the head of Peter Joseph Hegglin, pasted on to replace original image; some light spotting and browning, otherwise very striking. An enchanting and unique ‘souvenir’ from the famous health resort of Bad Schönbrunn in Menzingen. Sadly anonymous, and seemingly executed at the turn of the century, the striking broadside comprises an appealing…

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    1880. Single sheet of thick artist paper, 315 x 245mm, with central oval view of Bad Schoenbrunn done in watercolour, surrounded by a series of satirical black and white silhouette sketches and vignettes seemingly engraved, though possibly executed in pen and ink; print mounted on card 435 x 345mm; small correction made to the lower central silhouette, with what appears to be a very small photograph image of the head of Peter Joseph Hegglin, pasted on to replace original image; some light spotting and browning, otherwise very striking. An enchanting and unique ‘souvenir’ from the famous health resort of Bad Schönbrunn in Menzingen. Sadly anonymous, and seemingly executed at the turn of the century, the striking broadside comprises an appealing central watercolour vignette of the Spa buildings, set against an idyllic background of rolling hills, woodland and distant snow-capped mountains. This vignette is surrounded by a series of black and white silhouette vignettes, seemingly engraved, though resembling pen and ink drawings. Through this series of enchanting scenes, we are shown a number of the diversions, healthy activities, and treatments, on offer at the Spa. Those at the head of the broadside represent some of the outdoor and leisure activities available to patrons, including gentle walks in the countryside, a game of skittles, three men enjoying a game of billiards, musical soirees, painting, and nature watching. The silhouettes below the central oval focus more upon the treatments, a rather startled looking figure enduring various cold showers, towel wraps, and cold water hosing.
    Two figures can be seen at the tail of the image - one seemingly taking the pulse of the other, as he is holding a pocket watch in his hand. Above the two figures flies a wreath-bearing dove. Of added appeal, the head of the ‘doctor’ has been replaced with what appears to be a very small original photograph image. We presume this to be that of Peter Joseph Hegglin (1832-1893) himself, the founder of the Spa in 1857, although it could also be his son Joseph Hegglin-Kerckhoffs (1862-1920) who appears to have taken over the running of the establishment. It eventually closed in 1926.
    Sadly anonymous, the impression is that this wonderful ‘souvenir’ has been created by a previous patient ‘now on the mend’, and who has perhaps had a small number of these engravings published to give as gifts to his fellow patients and the good Doctor. A unique and most charming depiction.
    Two further attractive watercolour depiction's of the Spa are included with this image.

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  • ‘There’s a little lady who has captured every heart’
    AMY by [JOHNSON, Amy]. GILBERT, Joseph George (words) and Horatio NICHOLLS (Music).
    [JOHNSON, Amy]. GILBERT, Joseph George (words) and Horatio NICHOLLS (Music).
    AMY Specially composed for the home-coming of the heroine of the England-Australia Flight 1930. Miss Amy Johnson. Words by Jos.. Geo. Gilbert, Music by Horatio Nicholls, Photo by Vaughan [Kay] & Freeman [Pearl]. [London, Copyright in all Countries, MCMXXX, by The Laurence Wright Music Co., Denmark Street, London, W.C.2.]

    1930. Single folded sheet, large 4to, pp. [4]; music score on pp. 2-3, with vertical column of advertisement down central fold; paper somewhat browned and soiled; advertisement on p. [4]; with photographic depiction of the aviator with her plane on upper cover, front lower corner folded over and with a tiny nick, small tear at the top edge without loss, very faint retailer’s stamp on the front cover. An appealing ephemeral item: an arrangement ‘for “Banjulele” Banjo and Ukele’ of a song written by Gilbert and Nicholls commemorating the ‘daring deeds’ of Amy Johnson (1903-1941).
    Born in Kingston upon Hull, Johnson graduated from Sheffield University with a degree in Economics, before moving to London where she trained at the…

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    1930. Single folded sheet, large 4to, pp. [4]; music score on pp. 2-3, with vertical column of advertisement down central fold; paper somewhat browned and soiled; advertisement on p. [4]; with photographic depiction of the aviator with her plane on upper cover, front lower corner folded over and with a tiny nick, small tear at the top edge without loss, very faint retailer’s stamp on the front cover. An appealing ephemeral item: an arrangement ‘for “Banjulele” Banjo and Ukele’ of a song written by Gilbert and Nicholls commemorating the ‘daring deeds’ of Amy Johnson (1903-1941).
    Born in Kingston upon Hull, Johnson graduated from Sheffield University with a degree in Economics, before moving to London where she trained at the London Aeroplane Club and obtained her pilot’s licence in 1929. The following year she undertook the first woman’s solo flight from England to Australia in the second-hand de Havilland ‘Gypsy Moth’ that she bought with funds from her father and Lord Wakefield. She named it ‘Jason’ after the trademark of her father’s business, and the celebrated plane is featured prominently on the front cover of this song sheet. She flew from Croydon Airport on May 5th., and arrived at Darwin, Northern Territory on May 24th. The aeroplane is now in the Science Museum.
    Whilst celebrating her considerable achievements, the song can by no means be considered to be a classic of lyricism and musicality, and the verses jar somewhat with modern sensibilities. ‘You deserve a lot of credit for your daring deeds ... You are just the kind of person that the country needs ... Yesterday you were a non-entity, Now your name will go down to posterity, Amy, wonderful Amy, how can you blame me for loving you?’
    In 1940 Amy Johnson joined the Air Transport Auxiliary and in January 1941, in poor weather conditions, had to bail out whilst on a ferrying mission, over the Thames. Her parachute was spotted by the ferry HMS Haslemere, whose commander, Walter Fletcher, dived in to rescue her but both died and Amy Johnson’s body was never recovered. In 1999, a member of an anti-aircraft crew claimed that they had shot down the plane as Johnson had failed to give the correct identification code. To further compound the enigma, there have been claims that a third, unidentified, person died in the accident. He had been a passenger on the plane but as the reason for the flight is still covered by the secrecy laws, this remains unverified.

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  • Including the scarce and innovative ‘Human Industrial Palace’ chart
    DAS LEBEN DES MENSCHEN by KAHN, Fritz.
    KAHN, Fritz.
    DAS LEBEN DES MENSCHEN Eine volkstümliche Anatomie, Biologie, Physiologie und Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen. Band 1 - [Band V]. Stuttgart, Kosmos, Gesellschaft der Naturfreunde, Geschäftstelle: Franckh’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1922, [1924, 1926, 1929,

    1931]. Five volumes, 4to; I. pp. viii, 272, with 20 plates on ten leaves (one coloured); II. pp. vi, 364, with 36 plates on 18 leaves (of which 4 coloured), with three advertisements loosely inserted; III. pp. vi, 364, with 35 plates on 23 leaves (of which one double-page, and 20 coloured), and with slip pasted in at p. 111, plate XII somewhat browned; IV. pp. viii, 335, [1] with 33 plates on 20 leaves (of which one double-page, three folding, and 12 coloured), with one advertisement slipped in; V. pp. viii, 267, [1], with 23 plates on 15 leaves (of which 13 coloured, and one with an overlay), with two advertisements loosely inserted, and with large folding chromolithograph plate…

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    1931]. Five volumes, 4to; I. pp. viii, 272, with 20 plates on ten leaves (one coloured); II. pp. vi, 364, with 36 plates on 18 leaves (of which 4 coloured), with three advertisements loosely inserted; III. pp. vi, 364, with 35 plates on 23 leaves (of which one double-page, and 20 coloured), and with slip pasted in at p. 111, plate XII somewhat browned; IV. pp. viii, 335, [1] with 33 plates on 20 leaves (of which one double-page, three folding, and 12 coloured), with one advertisement slipped in; V. pp. viii, 267, [1], with 23 plates on 15 leaves (of which 13 coloured, and one with an overlay), with two advertisements loosely inserted, and with large folding chromolithograph plate printed by Fricke & Co., ‘Des Mensch als Industriepalast’ 98 x 49cms, housed within pocket at rear, together with accompanying 12pp pamphlet ‘Des Mensch als Industriepalast’, and a further folding plate ‘Stammbaum des Menschen’, and a pair of 3-D glasses to be used with plates IX and X; some occasional light foxing and browning through all volumes due to paper quality, with some occasional light marginal dampstaining, but otherwise generally clean and crisp; A fine set, all in first edition, of this copiously illustrated five volume work on the inner workings of the human body, published over a decade by the noted German gynaecologist and science author Fritz Kahn (1888-1968), and unusually retaining the original famous anatomical wall chart, ‘Der Mensch als Industriepalast’ or the ‘Human Industrial Palace’, as well as the pair of 3D glasses to be used with plates IX and X in the final volume.
    Kahn developed a sophisticated graphic analogy between anatomy and machinery. His modernist visualization of the digestive and respiratory system as “industrial palace”, really a chemical plant, was conceived at the height of Weimar Germany’s rapid and advanced industrialisation, in conjunction with the artistic experimentation of the Bauhaus and Dada movements. The resulting illustrative style remains as evocative today as it was nearly a century ago. ‘Das Leben des Menschen’ or ‘The Life of Man’, was published between 1922 and 1931, using ‘visual metaphors drawn from industrial society - assembly lines, internal combustion engines, refineries, dynamos, telephones, etc. The body in Kahn’s work was “modern” and productive, a theme visually emphasized through his use of modernist art styles. Though his books sold well, his Jewishness and public advocacy of progressive reform made him a target for Nazi attacks’ (Sappol, Dream Anatomy, p. 144). “Prolonged by the inflation crisis of 1923 and the economic depression at the end of the 1920s, but also by the difficulties of containing the increasingly extensive material in the initially planned volumes, the book finally amounted to more than 1,600 pages, with the last of its fifty binders issued and distributed in 1931, a decade after the start of the project. More than a thousand illustrations were included in the five volumes, and almost 150 colour plates” (Borck, "Communicating the Modern Body", Canadian Journal of Communications). Kahn continued to publish, relocating to Palestine and Paris before escaping to the USA with the help of Albert Einstein.
    ‘In 1951, an example of [Kahn’s] poster was selected by Barbara Jones to feature in her exhibition of popular art at the Whitechapel entitled ‘Black Eyes and Lemonade’. Eduardo Paolozzi is understood to have visited the exhibition and viewed Kahn’s print. Paolozzi later produced the series “Secrets of Life - the Human Machine and How it works” which was inspired by the graphic works of Fritz Kahn’ (Christies Sale 9935, lot 132, 2013). It was presumably at this stage that it came to the attention of Adam Rouilly & Company, the famous London manufacturers of medical teaching aids, and who published their own version of the chart. It was to later inspire in 2006 the German artist Henning Lederer to create an interactive and animated installation based upon the poster.
    The first three volumes went through a number of editions, Kahn taking the opportunity to revise the works as subsequent volumes were published, amending some of the images included. Having previously now held a couple of sets, it would appear that even the later editions also include some variations, predominantly in the number of coloured images included - suggesting once again constant revision by Kahn.
    A copy of the famous image made $3750 in the Dean Edell Anatomy as Art sale, (Christies, October 5th, 2007, lot 224). Another realised £3750 at the Out of the Ordinary Sale (CSK September 5th, 2013, lot 132). The imprints also display some variants, with the present example reading: ‘Aus Kahn, Das Leben des Menschen/Franckh’sche Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart/Offsetdruckerei Fricke & Co. Stuttgart’ (the Edell example read ‘Beitrage zu Kahn, Das Leben des Menschen/Franck’schen Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart).

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    Condition: an appealing set in the original blue publisher’s cloth, with title in blind on upper cover, and spines lettered in gilt, spines all slightly sunned, with some light rubbed to head and tails of spines and to joints (more noticeably Vols I. & II.), covers all a little sunned and foxed, extremities lightly rubbed.

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  • Scarce and unusual compact presentation of factors and primes
    FACTOREN UND PRIMZAHLENTAFEL by KRAUSE, Karl Christian.
    KRAUSE, Karl Christian.
    FACTOREN UND PRIMZAHLENTAFEL von 1 bis 100000 neuberechnet und zweckmässig eingerichtet nebst einer Gebrauchsanleitung und Abhandlung der Lehre von Factoren und Primzahlen. Für Mathematiker, Rchenlehrer und Kaufleute. Jena und Leipzig bei Christian Ernst Gabler.

    1804. Small folio, pp. [iv], 22, 28; pp. 21-22 bound upside down; title-page with light dampstain, with some light browning and soiling throughout, but generally clean and crisp; old library stamp on verso of title-page, crossed out with crayon and which has caused a small paper tear; Scarce and attractively printed work of factors and prime numbers, published by the noted educator and philosopher Karl Christian Krause (1781-1832). In this, one of his first works, Krause presents a table of 22 pages showing all products

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    1804. Small folio, pp. [iv], 22, 28; pp. 21-22 bound upside down; title-page with light dampstain, with some light browning and soiling throughout, but generally clean and crisp; old library stamp on verso of title-page, crossed out with crayon and which has caused a small paper tear; Scarce and attractively printed work of factors and prime numbers, published by the noted educator and philosopher Karl Christian Krause (1781-1832). In this, one of his first works, Krause presents a table of 22 pages showing all products <100 000 of two primes, a table of primes <100 000 with letters for 01, 03, ..., 99, and (pp. 25-28) a factor table to 10000 by use of letters for numbers <100.
    ‘In his introduction, Krause mentions the tables of Lambert [10] and Felkel [2,3,4,5], and he understands the objections towards the use of letters for numbers which was favoured by Felkel. He nevertheless decided to provide his two short tables, in order to show that letters can be used more conveniently than in Felkel’s table. The main tables in Krause’s book, however, do not use letters. Krause wrote that his tables were computed (neuberechnet), and presumably not copied, although he certainly compared his tables with earlier ones.’ (Roegel, A reconstruction of Krause’s table of factors, p. 3).
    Krause studied philosophy and mathematics at the University of Jena under Fichte and Schelling. He later went to Berlin, Göttingen (where he was one of Schopenhauer’s teachers), and Munich. One of the early natural philosophers, his “Krausismo” philosophical system influenced the theories of Kant and Hegel, and during the 19th century he was regarded as one of the most important of the German philosophers, his system attracting particular attention in France and Spain. Scarce: Seemingly no copies in the US, with KVK locating copies in Berlin, Coburg, Augsburg and University College, London: a number of digital copies listed in Germany.

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    Condition: in contemporary tan paste-paper boards, paper label on spine lettered in black, label slightly chipped, head and tail of spine a little worn, with further light scuffing and wear to spine and covers, some light spotting and soiling, extremities a little bumped and worn; still a good copy.

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  • SEX AND MARRIAGE by LAMBERT, Richard J.
    LAMBERT, Richard J.
    SEX AND MARRIAGE Franklin Publishing Company. 800 North Clark Street, Chicago. [Copyright, 1932 by Franklin Publishing Company ... Third printing, January

    1937.]. 8vo, pp. 253, [3] advertisements; with a number of diagrams within text; paper a little browned, with some offsetting to pp. 92-3 due to loosely inserted newspaper clipping; Third printing (first 1932) of this frank introduction to reproductive health, at a time when the Comstock Laws banned distribution of any printed material on sexuality and birth control. From 1873-1957, Comstock Laws restricted the distribution of printed material with sexual content ranging from reproductive healthcare to pornography. Despite the prohibitions, Dr. Richard Lambert published this detailed work, together with two much slimmer ‘under-the-counter’ pamphlets, to prepare both men and women for married life.

    Condition: uncut in the original blue publisher’s cloth, upper cover and spine lettered in blind and orange, head and tail of spine bumped and lightly rubbed, corners a little worn, retaining the original orange printed dust-jacket, head and tail of spine with significant chips and loss, further nicks to extremities and corners worn.

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  • CARTE ASTRONOMIQUE DE L’UNIVERS by LAPORTE, Etienne.
    LAPORTE, Etienne.
    CARTE ASTRONOMIQUE DE L’UNIVERS dressés par Etienne Laporte, Ex conférencier à la Sorbonne, Membre de Principale Sociétés Savantes d’Europe, Agrégé de L’Université d’Oxford (Angleterre). Paris, Typographie et Lithographie Grandremy et Henon, 28, Quai de la Rapée, [n.d. but ca. 1873-5].

    1873. Large partially coloured wood engraved wall chart with letterpress, 137 x 93 cms, dissected into 32 sections and laid on linen as issued, folding down to 18 x 23.5cms; quite heavily browned and soiled, with evidence of previous pin marks at each corner (with resulting rust marks most notably at upper right corner), several of the linen folds with neat repairs to verso, linen rather foxed with a couple of areas of ink staining towards the tail, one area displaying some minor worming, though neither fault affecting the wall chart itself. A large and most striking educational wall chart introducing the student to the wonders of the universe. A large circular depiction of the solar system with star map…

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    1873. Large partially coloured wood engraved wall chart with letterpress, 137 x 93 cms, dissected into 32 sections and laid on linen as issued, folding down to 18 x 23.5cms; quite heavily browned and soiled, with evidence of previous pin marks at each corner (with resulting rust marks most notably at upper right corner), several of the linen folds with neat repairs to verso, linen rather foxed with a couple of areas of ink staining towards the tail, one area displaying some minor worming, though neither fault affecting the wall chart itself. A large and most striking educational wall chart introducing the student to the wonders of the universe. A large circular depiction of the solar system with star map and comets, printed in blue, black and white dominates, the upper half of the chart. Descriptive text, printed in eight columns, is found below and which describes each of the planets with one section devoted to a discussion of comets. Sixteen striking illustrations form a border around the chart and which include depiction’s of icebergs at the poles, the Cotopaxi Volcano, eclipses, a cross section of the earth, orbits of the comets, the phases of the moon, and faces of the moon and jupiter, a large telescope, and the Aurore Boreales. Four smaller circular illustrations surround the main solar system illustration, with the title located centrally and contained within an image of a globe.
    The British Library date their copy to 1875, with the BnF suggesting a date of 1877. We can find no date on the present example, although a contemporary hand has pencilled in a date of 1873 just below the main solar system image.

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  • TRAITÉ DE CHIRURGIE D'URGENCE by LEJARS, Felix.
    LEJARS, Felix.
    TRAITÉ DE CHIRURGIE D'URGENCE 482 figures dont 193 dessinées d'après par le Dr E. Daleine et 103 photographies originales.

    Paris, Masson et Cie, Éditeurs Libraires de L'Académie de Médecine …, 1899. Large 8vo, pp. vi, 751; with numerous diagrams and half-tone illustrations; a little minor soiling, but otherwise clean and crisp; Uncommon first edition of this detailed and comprehensive guide to emergency surgery, for both surgeons and general practitioners alike. Deliberately devoid of theoretical discussion, Lejars instead provides clear and practical advice on the various emergency procedures, and instruments to be used, the whole work copiously illustrated to aid the practitioner. The work proved extremely popular, going through several editions, and indeed Lejars became a renowned surgeon during the first World War. Orr 832 (1909 sixth edition); OCLC: records only four US locations at the National Library of Medicine, Harvard, New York Academy of Medicine, the College of Physicians and Oxford.

    Condition: in contemporary grey publisher's cloth, lettered and ruled in black and gilt, with red skivver label on spine (chipped with some loss), a little shaken but holding, extremities a little rubbed, worn and bumped; still a good copy.

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  • Rare atlas of forensic medicine and poisoning
    ATLAS DER GERICHTLICHEN MEDICIN by LESSER, Adolphe.
    LESSER, Adolphe.
    ATLAS DER GERICHTLICHEN MEDICIN Erste Abtheilung Vergiftungen. Erste Lieferung Sechs colorirte tafeln mit erläuterndem text [-zweite lieferung]. Berlin, Verlag von August Hirschwald. NW Unter den Linden, No. 68. 1883. [together with]. ATLAS DER GERICHTLICHEN MEDICIN. Zweite Abtheilung [zweite lieferung ONLY], Breslau, Schlesische Buchdruckerei, Kunst-und Verlags-Anstalt vormals S. Schottlaender. 1892.

    1883. Three vols (of four), two small and one large folio; pp. [ii] part title, [ii] preface, 155, [1], with stub remains of plates visible, which have been excised, then linen backed and loosely inserted into the larger folio for ease of use; all eighteen chromolithograph plates for Part I on poisonings present; pp. [ii] [iii]-vi index of all eighteen plates, [111]-213, [1] blank, and containing the detailed descriptions of plates 10-18, and which are bound at the rear of the volume, thus only 9 of the 18 double-page chromolithograph plates present (a number retaining the original tissue guards) and missing the first part of this second part on general forensics; text volumes a little browned, the loosely inserted poisoning…

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    1883. Three vols (of four), two small and one large folio; pp. [ii] part title, [ii] preface, 155, [1], with stub remains of plates visible, which have been excised, then linen backed and loosely inserted into the larger folio for ease of use; all eighteen chromolithograph plates for Part I on poisonings present; pp. [ii] [iii]-vi index of all eighteen plates, [111]-213, [1] blank, and containing the detailed descriptions of plates 10-18, and which are bound at the rear of the volume, thus only 9 of the 18 double-page chromolithograph plates present (a number retaining the original tissue guards) and missing the first part of this second part on general forensics; text volumes a little browned, the loosely inserted poisoning plates somewhat browned in places, and slightly dog-eared through handling (plate I most noticeably affected), the general forensic plates also a little browned and soiled; with small library stamps on title-pages; Rare first edition, though sadly without the first volume of part two, of this noted atlas of forensic medicine and medical jurisprudence by the noted forensic scientist Adolphe Lesser (1851-1926).
    Whilst not wishing to downplay that fact that the present copy is incomplete, it nevertheless provides an insight into the publication of such works, and how copies where then put to use and indeed bound, by their respective owners. Lesser originally published this striking work in fascicles, beginning in 1883, and with the first part on poisoning completed in 1884. In the copy offered here, the Pathological Institute of Leipzig had included in the binding the first part title, noting only ‘sechs colorirte tafeln’, but have bound all of the text on poisonings into one volume. No further part titles have been included. As revealed by the stubs at the rear of the volume, the vivid double-page chromolithograph plates, for which the work is renowned, have been excised, and have all been linen-backed and housed within a larger folio portfolio, to allow for easier use by the students.
    The second companion work was itself also divided into two sections, and published between 1890-1892, and was devoted to more general forensics and traumatic injuries. It too was illustrated with a further 18 fine chromolithographs depicting such injuries as skull and bone fractures, the impact of gunshot wounds, burns, injuries caused by stabbings', and cases of infanticide. Sadly the first section is not present in the set offered here, having somehow become separated, though. The Pathological institute have retained the plates in the text volume, reflecting possibly either a change in teaching policy, or perhaps that it was the section on poisoning which was considered to be of particular educational merit to warrant an larger and more portable dissemination.
    Designed primarily for forensic physicians, the text provides detailed explanations of the double-page chromolithograph plates. Some twenty types of poisonings are described and illustrated. According to Paul Brouardel (1837-1906), who wrote the preface to the French edition of the poisoning section published in 1890, the importance of the book lay in the fact that Lesser was a professor and expert close to the courts of Breslau, and "has endeavoured to provide multiple reproductions of the same intoxication". Virchow, in his preface to this first edition, praises the work for its accuracy, saying that few works of anatomical and pathological illustration could rival the work.
    Adolf Lesser (1851-), graduated from Berlin University in 1875. Between 1877 and 1884 he was assistant at the Berlin Pharmacological Institute, and worked at Klinnsmann’s lunatic asylum between 1879-1886. In 1881 he became privat-docent in pharmacology at the university. In 1886 he was appointed physician-in-chief to the board of health of Breslau, subsequently appointed assistant professor at Breslau University in 1887. In addition to the present notable work, Lesser contributed essays to numerous medical journals, and also contributed to Neisser’s ‘Stereoskopischer Medizinischer Atlas’.
    All editions are uncommon. Rare: Goldschmid, 213 for the German edition; OCLC locates complete copies of this work at Berkeley, UCLA and the College of Physicians, Philadelphia, and at the Wellcome, Cambridge, BL, Oxford, Edinburgh and Birmingham.

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    Condition: the two text volumes bound in plum morocco over marbled boards, spines lettered and tooled in gilt, head and tail of spines chipped and worn, joints and morocco corners quite scuffed and worn, extremities a little bumped, with small white paper accession labels at head of each upper cover, the larger folio in plum cloth backed marbled boards, with paper label lettered in manuscript on upper cover, and with small white paper accession label at head, without the cloth ties, head and tail of spine nicked and worn, corners bumped and worn; deaccessed and with a number of library stamps of the Pathological Institute, Leipzig.

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  • COMPENDIUM OF THE LIGAMENTS; by M’NAB. [MACNAB], Alexander.
    M’NAB. [MACNAB], Alexander.
    COMPENDIUM OF THE LIGAMENTS; Illustrated by woodcuts. With the articular cartilages, interarticular or moveable fibro-cartilages, synovial membranes, and bursæ mucosæ of the joints; The mode of union, and the bones entering into the formation of each; and an outline of the dislocations, fractures, physiology, and pathology. London: Published by Henry Renshaw, Medical bookseller, 356, Strand, near King’s College. 1835.

    1835. Small 8vo, pp. viii, 86, with a number of small woodcuts; title page a little soiled with some light paper abrasion at upper margin, lightly browned throughout, particularly at margins; First edition of this uncommon introduction to the fibrous structures in particular, by Alexander M’Nab, Jun ‘Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London’. According to the preface, Macnab has drawn upon more ‘voluminous works’, and hopes that his abridged compilation will provide a more accessible work for those ‘unable to conveniently to peruse more elaborate productions’. The woodcuts are apparently by ‘Mr Berryman’, and although as far as we can tell, Macnab makes no direction citation from other works, he does refer to case histories as described by…

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    1835. Small 8vo, pp. viii, 86, with a number of small woodcuts; title page a little soiled with some light paper abrasion at upper margin, lightly browned throughout, particularly at margins; First edition of this uncommon introduction to the fibrous structures in particular, by Alexander M’Nab, Jun ‘Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London’. According to the preface, Macnab has drawn upon more ‘voluminous works’, and hopes that his abridged compilation will provide a more accessible work for those ‘unable to conveniently to peruse more elaborate productions’. The woodcuts are apparently by ‘Mr Berryman’, and although as far as we can tell, Macnab makes no direction citation from other works, he does refer to case histories as described by physicians both in England, Europe and America, including ‘Dr. Kirkbride, resident physician of the Pennsylvania Hospital’, (p. 22) ‘Dr. Warren of Boston’ (p. 23), Dupuytren (p. 23), Bichat (p. 56) Delpech (p. 65) and ‘Mr. Hunter’ (p. 62) as well as a number of cases highlighted in the Medical Gazette. OCLC locates copies at the British Library, Cambridge, Oxford, Aberdeen, the NLM and the College of Physicians.

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    Condition: uncut in the original green pebble-grained cloth, with printed paper label on upper cover (somewhat soiled), and remains of paper label along spine, joints and head and tail of spine neatly repaired.

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  • Mid 18th century French sailor’s personal service book
    ‘LIVRET POUR LES MATELOTS’ by [MARITIME REGISTRATION.]
    [MARITIME REGISTRATION.]
    ‘LIVRET POUR LES MATELOTS’ title taken from upper wrapper. n.p. but France, [n.d. but ca.

    1788.]. Small 8vo, pp. 72, [14] blank; pre-printed service or record book to be completed; title-page filled in in a contemporary hand in brown ink, otherwise unused, aside from some doodling on p. 46-7, 66-7, and in pencil on p. 71-72, with the first four final blank leaves ruled in pencil to form a grid, and which has been used; A scarce survivor, a pre-printed personal service record book belonging to Jean-Bernard Bouën, born in Verdun in 1767, and who became a classified or registered ‘gens de mer’ on in 1787.
    During the 17th century, several seafaring nations used forced recruitment or impressment (better known as ‘press-ganging’) to crew their Royal warships. Although the British Royal Navy continued to impress…

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    1788.]. Small 8vo, pp. 72, [14] blank; pre-printed service or record book to be completed; title-page filled in in a contemporary hand in brown ink, otherwise unused, aside from some doodling on p. 46-7, 66-7, and in pencil on p. 71-72, with the first four final blank leaves ruled in pencil to form a grid, and which has been used; A scarce survivor, a pre-printed personal service record book belonging to Jean-Bernard Bouën, born in Verdun in 1767, and who became a classified or registered ‘gens de mer’ on in 1787.
    During the 17th century, several seafaring nations used forced recruitment or impressment (better known as ‘press-ganging’) to crew their Royal warships. Although the British Royal Navy continued to impress many merchant sailors well into the 19th century, in 1669-70 France created a system of maritime registration or ‘L’Institution du service des classes’, under the auspices of Louis XIV’s minister of finances Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619-1683), thus becoming the first of the great naval powers to establish a permanent force of regular navy personnel. All men 18 years and above, who lived in or near coastal towns, and who were employed as fishermen, merchant crewmen and officers, were required to register on the rôle des gens de mer, and were divided into ‘classes’, each of which was required to serve a year in the King’s Navy every three, four or five years depending on the size of the district. This ‘inscription maritime’ was a broad, comprehensive code, which established standards of recruitment, pay, and benefits which in theory helped to build confidence and unity among newly enlisted sailors. ‘The navy maintained seamen not needed to commission warships during their year of service, theoretically, on half-pay: however, they were forbidden to sign on merchant ships. The Crown gave “classed” men various privileges in return for this perpetual commitment: exemption from certain taxes ... and eligibility to receive money from the Caisse des invalides, a royal fund for invalid seamen or the families of those lost at sea.’ (Cormack, p. 23). Each coastal province was overseen by a class commissionaire, who kept a record of whether they were officers, sailors, or seafarers, together with names, age, address, qualities and description of the registrant, as well as keeping a record of any dependants. As Cormack goes on to discuss however, although this ‘class system’ was intended to place all of the maritime population at the navy’s disposal, it was constantly unable to supply crews needed for the commissioning of warships throughout the 18th century. He cites a number of possible reasons for this. Many preferred to work for privateers, whilst the mortality rate for sailors on long voyages was also high. The French navy was also frequently unable to pay its crews, and so consequently, many seamen did all that they could to resist conscription or to desert. The system was eventually reformed after the French Revolution in 1795, although some form of maritime inscription lasted until 1965.
    The survival of such personal record books, by their very nature, appears to be unusual, no doubt potentially exposed to all weathers and conditions. Pierre Loti, in his work Le Matelot of 1893, includes a paragraph referring to a similar notebook: ‘Le livret de marin de mon frère Yves ressemble à tous les autres livrets de tous les autres marins. Il est recouvert d'un papier parchemin de couleur jaune, et, comme il a beaucoup voyagé sur la mer, dans différents caissons de navires, il manque absolument de fraîcheur’.
    The booklet is divided into three sections. The first template page provides space for the owner to give their own details. This is followed by the ‘Instruction sur les devoirs des gens classés, leurs exemptions & privilèges’, according to recent reforms set into law on October 31st 1784. The remainder of the note book provides space to detail the owner’s various assignments, commissions on Royal vessels, and on other authorised voyages and navigation's.
    For whatever reason, Bouën has filled in very little of his notebook, aside from his own personal details, and what appears to be the name of a vessel on p. 66. A number of the blank leaves at the end have been used, completed in pencil to form a grid of some sort, and which we have failed to decipher - although some look suspiciously like the doodling of a young child. Having signed up only two years before the start of the Revolution, it seems quite possible that larger events overtook him. Nevertheless, a scarce and appealing example from the last days of the Ancien Regime. See Cormack, Revolution and Political Conflict in the French Navy, 1789-1794, p. 23.

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    Condition: contemporary stiff vellum with closing fore-edge envelope flap, retaining part of the closing cord, title in manuscript (?) in black on upper cover, with small royal arms in black at centre of rear cover, some small wormholes evident in spine, covers somewhat soiled, with small loss of vellum to envelope flap edge; a little dog-eared but an unusual survivor.

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  • Little know proposal for a standardised decimal system
    LES LOIX UNIVERSELLES EN NOMBRES, POIDS ET MESURES. by MASLOT, Jean.
    MASLOT, Jean.
    LES LOIX UNIVERSELLES EN NOMBRES, POIDS ET MESURES. prouvez possibles & faciles, par rapport au passé, au present & au futur; par un Traité d'Arithmetique, composé de règles généralles, en nombres entiers, sans embarras de fractions. A Troyes, Chez la Veuve de Jacques Oudot, Imprimeur & Marchand Libraire, ruë du Temple. & se vend A Paris, Chez la Veuve de Nicolas Oudot, ruë vieille Bouclerie. Avec Privilege du Roi. [colophon: Achevé d’imprimer pour la premiere fois, le huit Août mil sept cent dix-huit.]

    1718. 8vo, pp. [xii], 98, [2] index, [2] blank; with woodcut printer’s device on title, and woodcut head-pieces and initials; some occasional light marginal dust-soiling and minor spotting, but otherwise clean and crisp, gutters and cords exposed in a couple of places, at p. 31 and p. 64; with contemporary inscription on the title-page ‘Texier de (Fantau?)’; Rare first edition, and a fine copy bound in full red morocco, of this early and little known work proposing a new standardised system or ‘universeral loix’ based upon a decimal system, by Jean Maslot, ‘Nottaire Royal & Receveur des Hôpitaux de Troyes’. Penned some eighty years before the first practical realisation of the metric system would come into force in 1799, as…

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    1718. 8vo, pp. [xii], 98, [2] index, [2] blank; with woodcut printer’s device on title, and woodcut head-pieces and initials; some occasional light marginal dust-soiling and minor spotting, but otherwise clean and crisp, gutters and cords exposed in a couple of places, at p. 31 and p. 64; with contemporary inscription on the title-page ‘Texier de (Fantau?)’; Rare first edition, and a fine copy bound in full red morocco, of this early and little known work proposing a new standardised system or ‘universeral loix’ based upon a decimal system, by Jean Maslot, ‘Nottaire Royal & Receveur des Hôpitaux de Troyes’. Penned some eighty years before the first practical realisation of the metric system would come into force in 1799, as Maslot’s work clearly demonstrates, the need for reform had long been recognised in a country where individual areas and regions used different and often conflicting systems and names for units, and where the length, weight, volume etc. of a unit could vary depending on the item being weighed or measured.
    As Maslot notes in his preface, his initial intention had been to concentrate purely and simply upon proposing a system for currencies, weights, and measures (both surface and volume), but he had come to realise that this would be imperfect and insufficient, and thus also includes chapters relating to time, as well as to astronomical and geometrical numbers. In each chapter he explains existing units of measurement, together with its parts or fractions, before presenting his ‘simple’ system by which the measurements are ‘tous reduits sous une même dénomination de la dixiéme progression ou partition des nombres, afin qu'ils puissent être ajoûter, soustraits, multipliez et divisez, comme s'il n'y avoit que des entiers’ (p. [vii]). Maslot hopes that this new ‘universal law’ can be easily evaluated and calculated, and be used to take into account past and current systems of numbers, weights, and measures. He concludes his preface by stating that is was not his intention to pen a work of instruction in arithmetic. The rules and examples given are only to prove that ‘these universal laws, in numbers, weights and measures, can easily be executed, if it is the will of the King’. If implemented, it would create an immutable and fixed system, thus putting an end to the exiting highly impractical situation, and in so doing preserve the rights of all, put an end to prosecutions and deceptions, safe in the knowledge that there would be in place a universal system that would be good for the public, and by all could profit.
    Maslot was not the first to propose a decimal system of measurement, and indeed throughout the work he frequently refers to the work of other 16th and 17th century scientists credited with having devised similar systems, notably the Flemish mathematician Simon Stevin (1548-1620), and the geometrician and Professor of Mathematics at the Royal College, Paris, Jean Boulenger (ca. 1550 - 1636). Stevin, in his work ‘De Thiende’, a twenty-nine-page booklet published in 1585, introduced decimal fractions for general purposes and showed that operations could be performed as easily with such fractions as with integers. Decimal fractions had previously found only occasional use in trigonometric tables, and although Stevin’s notation was somewhat unwieldy, his argument was convincing, and decimal fractions were soon generally adopted. At the end of the tract, Stevin went on to suggest that a decimal system should also be used for weights and measures, coinage, and divisions of the degree of arc. Boulenger is best know for his work ‘La Geometrie Pratique’ (1624) written for the use of professionals such as architects, engineers, masons, etc. The 1691 edition was edited and revised by Jacques Ozanam. Also frequently cited is a ‘M. de la Londe’, whom we believe to be a little known military engineer, who according to Janis Langins in ‘Conserving the Enlightenment: French military engineering from Vauban to the Revolution’ (p. 43) was another who can be credited with the popularization of decimals in France, through his various late 17th century works including ‘Élémens de fortification’ (1685), ‘L’Arithmétique de l’ingénieur françois’ (1688), and ‘Parallele de l’arithmétique vulgaire et d’une autre modernement inventée’ (1691).
    Maslot dedicates the present work to Philippe II, Duke of Orleans, and Regent of France until Louix XV attained his majority in 1723 - no doubt hoping that he could exert some influence upon the young King in waiting to consider his proposal. The approbation is given by Jacques Ozanam (1640-1717). The copy has been beautifully bound in full red morocco, and bears the gilt monogram of ‘C. M.’ on both covers, although we been unable to establish who they may refer to. More easily identifiable is the book-plate belonging to Albert de Rochas, together with a presentation inscription to him on the verso of the front free endpaper signed by H. de Valliès. An engineering officer and administrator of the École Polytechnique, Albert de Rochas d'Aiglun (1837-1914) left numerous scholarly works, many of them on paranormal phenomena (spiritualism, magnetism, hypnosis, levitation, etc.)
    A lovely copy of a little-known work. OCLC locates copies at Columbia, Lyon and the BnF only.

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    Condition: a lovely copy in contemporary full red morocco, spine in compartments with raised bands, attractively tooled and lettered in gilt, covers with tripled ruled gilt borders, gilt fleur-de-lis at each corner, and with central oval gilt monogram with the initials ‘C M’ (so far unidentified), with inner gilt dentelles, tooled gilt edges, all edges gilt, and attractive decorative floral endpapers embellished with gilt (though front free endpaper missing); covers slightly scuffed and stained, extremities a little bumped; from the library of Albert de Rochas in Aiglun with his bookplate on front pastedown, and with a presentation inscription on verso of front free endpaper signed H. de Valliès.

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  • With a foreword by Suzanne Lenglen
    KEEPING FIT by MAYES, Colonel H.G.
    MAYES, Colonel H.G.
    KEEPING FIT How to be Healthy and Graceful. With a foreword by Suzanne Lenglen. A chart of physical exercises and illustrations. London ... Calcutta ... Sydney ... George C. Harrap & Company Ltd.

    1926. Small 8vo, pp. 61, [1] blank, [2] publisher’s advertisements; with one large folding chart of exercises featuring Suzanne Lenglen housed within pocket on rear paste-down, and one half-tone full page plate within text; outer edges of chart slightly nicked with some creasing around folds, text with light marginal browning but otherwise clean and crisp; First edition of this small practical guide to health and fitness, the work of Colonel Henry George Mayes (1880-1928), the noted British-Canadian businessman and tennis player, winner of the Queen’s Club Championship in 1922, 1926 and 1927, and with a foreword by Suzanne Lenglen (1899-1938), one of the first international female sports stars. The work discusses the importance of physical training at school, physical training…

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    1926. Small 8vo, pp. 61, [1] blank, [2] publisher’s advertisements; with one large folding chart of exercises featuring Suzanne Lenglen housed within pocket on rear paste-down, and one half-tone full page plate within text; outer edges of chart slightly nicked with some creasing around folds, text with light marginal browning but otherwise clean and crisp; First edition of this small practical guide to health and fitness, the work of Colonel Henry George Mayes (1880-1928), the noted British-Canadian businessman and tennis player, winner of the Queen’s Club Championship in 1922, 1926 and 1927, and with a foreword by Suzanne Lenglen (1899-1938), one of the first international female sports stars. The work discusses the importance of physical training at school, physical training for women, how to improve physique, general health, mental control, and the benefits of the game of lawn tennis.
    Hayes was himself a noted tennis champion. Born in England, he moved to Canada in 1909 through marriage, where he founded a tanning company. He served in both the Boer War, and then in WWI, serving under the Canadian forces on the Western Front. His sporting expertise saw him appointed head of physical training both with the Canadian Air Force and the RAF. An all round sportsman, he competed internationally in polo, shooting and tennis, although he is best remembered for his tennis success.
    In her brief foreword, Lenglen credits Hayes with having improved her own fitness over recent months. ‘This is just a little line of very appreciative thanks for your kindness in arranging and showing me those wonderful exercises. I have done most of them every day for the past three months, and I have never felt fitter not in better health’. The large folding chart, shows the elegant and flamboyant player demonstrating a range of exercises.
    Lenglen won over 200 titles between 1914 (her first win was aged 15) and 1926 (when she turned professional), and was unbeaten in 1919 and 1920, and between 1922-1926. ‘Lenglen was controversial, daring and dashing. In the September 13, 1982 issue of Sports Illustrated, the magazine profiled her with the headline: “The Lady in the White Silk Dress,” and wrote rhythmically, “Suzanne Lenglen drank, swore and had lovers by the score – and played tennis incomparably, losing once in seven years.”’ (International Tennis Hall of Fame). She was one of the first international female sport stars, glamorous, dramatic, unpredictable and an extraordinary talent. She published her own work ‘Lawn Tennis, The Game of Nations’ in 1925. Tragically both died far too young: Hayes only two years after the publication of this book, at the age of 48, from blood poisoning (having been at the peak of physical fitness and having won a championship in 1927). Lenglen died of pernicious anaemia in 1938 at the age of 39.

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    Condition: in the original red blind-stamped publisher’s cloth, spine lettered in black, head and tail of spine bumped and lightly worn, covers a little scratched, corners and extremities lightly bumped and rubbed; a good copy.

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  • MINE GASES AND GAS TESTING by MCTRUSTY, J. W.
    MCTRUSTY, J. W.
    MINE GASES AND GAS TESTING for underground officials and workmen. Including an account of colliery explosions, coal dust, and breathing apparatus. With 16 Illustrations and diagrams. Wigan, Thomas Wall and Sons Limited, “The Science and Art of Mining” Office, Wigan. England. 1913.

    1911. 8vo, pp. 150, [2] publishers’ advertisements; with photographic frontispiece, and 16 text diagrams and half-tone illustrations; small nick at outer margin of pp. 117-120, title-page a little browned, with occasional light soiling; with contemporary repair to front free endpaper; Uncommon first edition in book form of this practical work on mine safety, by the mechanical engineer J. W McTrusty ‘Lecturer on Mining to Warwickshire County Council’, and based upon a series of articles first published in ‘The Science and Art of Mining during 1911-12’. Aimed at mining firemen, examiners and deputies, there were written to help them to understand the new regulations brought in by the Coal Mines Act of 1911. The chapters deal in turn with safety issues…

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    1911. 8vo, pp. 150, [2] publishers’ advertisements; with photographic frontispiece, and 16 text diagrams and half-tone illustrations; small nick at outer margin of pp. 117-120, title-page a little browned, with occasional light soiling; with contemporary repair to front free endpaper; Uncommon first edition in book form of this practical work on mine safety, by the mechanical engineer J. W McTrusty ‘Lecturer on Mining to Warwickshire County Council’, and based upon a series of articles first published in ‘The Science and Art of Mining during 1911-12’. Aimed at mining firemen, examiners and deputies, there were written to help them to understand the new regulations brought in by the Coal Mines Act of 1911. The chapters deal in turn with safety issues surrounding mine air; carbon and oxides; black-damp; fire-damp; the diffusion of gases; shaft and underground fires; colliery explosions; the dangers of coal-dust; and with a final chapter on breathing apparatus. The Appendices include official advice on safety procedures to be followed at all mines.
    A second edition was published in 1916, and was again issued in 1919. OCLC locates copies at Trinity College, Dublin, Cambridge, the National Library of Scotland, Swansea, Sheffield and Strathclude; only one copy in Canada located.

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    Condition: in the original maroon publisher’s cloth, upper cover lettered in gilt, tail of spine nicked with small loss, spine and outer margins a little sunned; a good copy.

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  • BEECHAM’S MUSIC PORTFOLIO by [MEDICAL ADVERTISEMENT]. BEECHAM’S PILLS.
    [MEDICAL ADVERTISEMENT]. BEECHAM’S PILLS.
    BEECHAM’S MUSIC PORTFOLIO No 28 Registered. The Anchor’s Weigh’d. Copyright edition. A Wonderful Medicine. Canning & Cp., Lith, 3, Ridgmount St. W. C. [London, n.d. but ca. late 1890s early 1900s].

    1890. Small 8vo, single folded sheet, pp. [4]; front and rear ‘covers’ printed in red, with music notation in black; some minor soiling and spotting, but otherwise very good. Another novelty advertising vehicle issued by the firm of Beecham’s, and promoting their famous pills for the cure of ‘bilious and nervous disorders’. Clearly a firm willing to embrace differing advertising opportunities, the ‘Beecham’s Music Portfolio’ eventually ran to some twenty volumes, each volume containing 30 popular songs for voice and piano. Originally published in St Helen’s, Lancashire, from where the firm was based, the complete volumes of songs could be purchased from the company, whilst individual songs sheets, as here, appear to have been sold, or indeed given away, by…

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    1890. Small 8vo, single folded sheet, pp. [4]; front and rear ‘covers’ printed in red, with music notation in black; some minor soiling and spotting, but otherwise very good. Another novelty advertising vehicle issued by the firm of Beecham’s, and promoting their famous pills for the cure of ‘bilious and nervous disorders’. Clearly a firm willing to embrace differing advertising opportunities, the ‘Beecham’s Music Portfolio’ eventually ran to some twenty volumes, each volume containing 30 popular songs for voice and piano. Originally published in St Helen’s, Lancashire, from where the firm was based, the complete volumes of songs could be purchased from the company, whilst individual songs sheets, as here, appear to have been sold, or indeed given away, by pharmacies.
    The pills, originally sold as a laxative, first appeared on the market in 1842, and were invented by the chemist Thomas Beecham (1820-1907), grandfather of the famous conductor. The pills themselves were a combination of aloe, ginger, and soap, and unusually for patent medicines, they did actually have some positive effect on the digestive process.

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  • BEECHAM’S “ORACLE” by [MEDICAL ADVERTISEMENT.] BEECHAM’S PILLS LTD.
    [MEDICAL ADVERTISEMENT.] BEECHAM’S PILLS LTD.
    BEECHAM’S “ORACLE” This novelty is the property of Beecham’s Pills Limited. St. Helens, England. [n.d. but ca. 1930s?].

    1930. Single sheet on crepe paper, 184 x 120mm, printed on recto only along the outer margins, central box apparently blank - though impregnated with secret message to be revealed when heated; clean and fresh. An advertising novelty produced by the famous firm of Beecham’s. As the note along the left margin states: ‘When you suffer from colds, chills, influenza, headache, rheumatism, nerve pains, Beecham’s Powders Act like Magic’. The present curiosity is itself a magical trick to highlight the tag line. The application of a glowing piece of burned string to the central panel will reveal a secret message - which in this case appears to reveal a tortoise! A previous example, showed a chicken, with another, which though…

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    1930. Single sheet on crepe paper, 184 x 120mm, printed on recto only along the outer margins, central box apparently blank - though impregnated with secret message to be revealed when heated; clean and fresh. An advertising novelty produced by the famous firm of Beecham’s. As the note along the left margin states: ‘When you suffer from colds, chills, influenza, headache, rheumatism, nerve pains, Beecham’s Powders Act like Magic’. The present curiosity is itself a magical trick to highlight the tag line. The application of a glowing piece of burned string to the central panel will reveal a secret message - which in this case appears to reveal a tortoise! A previous example, showed a chicken, with another, which though difficult to discern, incorporated the phrase ‘Beecham’s Pills’.

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  • GOLD MEDAL HAARLEM OIL by [MEDICAL ADVERTISEMENT]. [TILLY, G. de Koning].
    [MEDICAL ADVERTISEMENT]. [TILLY, G. de Koning].
    GOLD MEDAL HAARLEM OIL Prepared by the Genuine Haarlem Oil Manufacturing Co. (Oprechte Haarlemmerolie Fabriek) Successors to G. de Konig Tilly, ... Incorporated under Letters Patent from Her Majesty, Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands. ca. 1906/7.

    1906. Large single sheet broadside, 340 x 250mm; printed on both sides in red and black, with engraved vignettes; central horizontal fold evident; paper lightly browned with some occasional foxing, paper quite prominently creased; a couple of minor marginal tears, but otherwise good. A 20th century medical broadside - in fact the bottle wrapper according to the text - promoting the benefits of Genuine Haarlem Oil (real Dutch drops) and attesting to its authenticity. Originally prepared by Claas Tilly in his laboratory ‘the formula for this remedy has been handed down from generation to generation’ and soon gained a reputation as a cure for kidney and bladder complaints. According to the present day Haarlem Oil web site he was assisted…

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    1906. Large single sheet broadside, 340 x 250mm; printed on both sides in red and black, with engraved vignettes; central horizontal fold evident; paper lightly browned with some occasional foxing, paper quite prominently creased; a couple of minor marginal tears, but otherwise good. A 20th century medical broadside - in fact the bottle wrapper according to the text - promoting the benefits of Genuine Haarlem Oil (real Dutch drops) and attesting to its authenticity. Originally prepared by Claas Tilly in his laboratory ‘the formula for this remedy has been handed down from generation to generation’ and soon gained a reputation as a cure for kidney and bladder complaints. According to the present day Haarlem Oil web site he was assisted by Hermann Boerhave in the production of the remedy, who though sharing the profits of the medicine and recommending its use, was prevented from associating his name with a commercial proprietary product through the ethics of his profession. ‘The ingredients follow a process that take several days, in which the particular chemical preparation and difficult analysis has permitted the Tilly Family to preserve the secret of the production during 200 years’ (present day web site).
    It proved so popular, that it was inevitable that a number of imitations were produced, with many claiming to be the genuine Tilly Haarlem Oil. At some point in the early 20th century the company gained an American backer, and in around 1906 the Dutch government granted a charter to the company which was given the right to use the word "genuine" and the words "Oudste Fabriek" (oldest factory) on its product, a privilege which was not been granted to any other concern or individual making or handling Haarlem Oil. The American connection meant that the remedy had to conform with the requirements of the United States Food and Drugs Act of 1906. The present broadside attests to this, and notes that from hereon their bottles will have blown on to them the words ‘G. de Konig Tilly’. Indeed in 1911 the Federal Government prosecuted the The Holland Medicine Co, of Scranton, Pennsylvania for falsely selling Gold Medal Genuine Tilly Haarlem Oil Capsules, For kidney, liver and bladder. Other issues located at the Library Company of Philadelphia (more than one issue), Harvard, Princeton, possibly at the Wellcome and the National Library of Scotland

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  • THE VIRTUES AND EFFECTS OF THE REMEDY, NAMED MEDICAMENTUM GRATIA PROBATUM by [MEDICAL ADVERTISEMENT]. [TILLY, Nicolas de Koning].
    [MEDICAL ADVERTISEMENT]. [TILLY, Nicolas de Koning].
    THE VIRTUES AND EFFECTS OF THE REMEDY, NAMED MEDICAMENTUM GRATIA PROBATUM [Haarlem]. John Enschede, [ca. 1800].

    1800. Single sheet broadside 200 x 135mm; with woodcut armorial device at head, text in double columns; paper browned, a little spotted, and quite creased, with a number of small holes just touching text but without significant loss; one or two small marginal nicks and tears, one at central fold, with two very small and discreet repairs along lower edge. A seemingly later example of this medical broadside promoting the myriad benefits of ‘medicamentum Gratia Probatum’ - a therapeutic remedy made and sold by Nicolas de Koning of Haarlem, and subsequently by his Widow and near kinsmen. Truly a miraculous medicine, the broadside claims that it can strengthen the stomach, cures scurvy, hysterical pains, anxiety, soothing open wounds and sores…

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    1800. Single sheet broadside 200 x 135mm; with woodcut armorial device at head, text in double columns; paper browned, a little spotted, and quite creased, with a number of small holes just touching text but without significant loss; one or two small marginal nicks and tears, one at central fold, with two very small and discreet repairs along lower edge. A seemingly later example of this medical broadside promoting the myriad benefits of ‘medicamentum Gratia Probatum’ - a therapeutic remedy made and sold by Nicolas de Koning of Haarlem, and subsequently by his Widow and near kinsmen. Truly a miraculous medicine, the broadside claims that it can strengthen the stomach, cures scurvy, hysterical pains, anxiety, soothing open wounds and sores as well as burns, of reviving the weak and feeble, and even of dissolving kidney stones.
    The sulphur based Haarlem oil was discovered by Claas Tilly in 1696 and soon gained a reputation as a cure for kidney and bladder complaints. According to the Haarlem Oil website he was assisted by Hermann Boerhave in the production of the remedy, who though sharing the profits of the medicine and recommending its use, was prevented from associating his name with a commercial proprietary product through the ethics of his profession. ‘The ingredients follow a process that take several days, in which the particular chemical preparation and difficult analysis has permitted the Tilly Family to preserve the secret of the production during 200 years’ (present day website).
    Various issues are cited on OCLC and in a number of languages. Whilst the text remained unchanged for several years, variations are found in the final paragraph listing the kinsmen selling the product. Some printing errors also exist in the imprint. The current issue states: ‘This Medicamentum is Made and Sold in the City of Haarlem, in the Province of Holland; at the house of Nicolaas de Konig Tilly, who is the Author of the same, since the year 1764, and so was his Grandfather Claas Tilly before him, that was the Chief Inventor of it, since the year 1696. After the Decease of Nicolaas de Konig Tilly this Medicament shall be made and sold by his near kinsmen; viz. Jan de Konig, Leendert de Konig, Abraham Tilly and Adolf de Konig’.
    A modern version exists to this day in the form of Haarlem Oil - which is sold for the use of both humans and animals. Other issues located at the Library Company of Philadelphia (more than one issue), Harvard, Princeton, possibly at the Wellcome and the National Library of Scotland.

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  • A tariff to standardise medical fees in Turin and including an Obstetrical Calendar
    TARIFFA DEGLI ONORARI by [MEDICAL TARIFFS].
    [MEDICAL TARIFFS].
    TARIFFA DEGLI ONORARI Per le cure, assistenze, consulte e operazioni di medicina, chirurgia, ostetricia e veterinaria. Torino, Stamperia Gazzetta del Popolo, 1873.

    1873. 8vo, pp. 32; with a blank temperature chart loosely inserted; with printer’s device on title-page; somewhat browned and foxed throughout due to paper quality, gutters exposed in a couple of places, notably between pp. 4-5, lower gutter chipped with some loss, corners a little furled; An unusual and scarce insight into the attempted regulation of medical fees in Turin at the end of the nineteenth century. A suggested tariff for the services of physicians, surgeons, phlebotomists, midwives and veterinarians was first compiled by the Consiglio Superiore di Sanità in 1852. The preface notes, however, that in the intervening period the prices of most necessary things have more than doubled, in line with an increased general prosperity throughout all walks…

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    1873. 8vo, pp. 32; with a blank temperature chart loosely inserted; with printer’s device on title-page; somewhat browned and foxed throughout due to paper quality, gutters exposed in a couple of places, notably between pp. 4-5, lower gutter chipped with some loss, corners a little furled; An unusual and scarce insight into the attempted regulation of medical fees in Turin at the end of the nineteenth century. A suggested tariff for the services of physicians, surgeons, phlebotomists, midwives and veterinarians was first compiled by the Consiglio Superiore di Sanità in 1852. The preface notes, however, that in the intervening period the prices of most necessary things have more than doubled, in line with an increased general prosperity throughout all walks and classes of society. It is therefore deemed fair and necessary that professional medical fees should also increase, and thus the present guide has been issued. In no way a legal document, the tariff is merely a guideline, showing an average of what one might expect to pay. An extensive list of common medical consultations and procedures then follows.
    Also of interest is the Obstetrical Calendar that is included from pp. 24 onwards. Compiled by Professor Domenico of the Turin Obstetrical Clinic, the year long calendar gives two columns for each month showing the date of last menstruation and corresponding expected date of delivery. Loosely inserted is also a blank temperature chart to be filled in. Not located on OCLC or KVK; ICCU locates a similar shorter title issued in Casale in 1866.

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    Condition: in the original printed wrappers, spine with old tape repair, though with loss at tail, upper lower corner repaired with tape, covers quite foxed and soiled with two ring marks on upper cover, two labels along spine, and accession number? in blue crayon on upper cover; a little fragile, but sound.

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  • MELBOURNE OLYMPIC GAMES by MELBOURNE OLYMPICS SILK SOUVENIR HANDKERCHIEF.
    MELBOURNE OLYMPICS SILK SOUVENIR HANDKERCHIEF.
    MELBOURNE OLYMPIC GAMES 22nd November - 8th December. 1956.

    1956. Silk chiffon handkerchief, with map of Australia and Olympic torch at centre; a little fragile but clean and sound; Attractively colour printed souvenir silk souvenir.

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  • DE FISSURIS HOMINIS MAMMALIUMQUE CONGENITIS by MEYER, Conrad.
    MEYER, Conrad.
    DE FISSURIS HOMINIS MAMMALIUMQUE CONGENITIS accedit fissurae buccalis congenitae cum fissurae tubae Eustachii et tympani complicatae descriptio. Dissertatio Inauguralis, quam consensu et auctoritate gratiosi medicorum ordinis in Universitate litteraria Friderica Guilelma, ut summi in medicine et chirurgia honoes Rite sibi concedantur, Die XX. Mens. Augusti A. MDCCXXXV. Opponentibus H. Troll, ... F. Miescher ... O. de Gonzenbach ... Berolini, Typis Julii Sittenfeldii. 1835.

    1835. Small folio, pp. [viii], 36, [2] duplicate leaf of pp. 35-6,[37]-44, [4] explanation to plates and vitae curriculum; with four engraved plates, one partially hand-coloured in blue and red, and signed ‘Franz Wagner del, C. Guinard sc’; title-page somewhat browned, with further browning and foxing throughout, plates quite prominently foxed and browned, corners a little furled, with a few small marginal nicks and tears, ink accession number at upper margin of title-page with very faint blindstamp at tail; A detailed dissertation on pathological anatomy, focusing upon human and animal abnormalities, and in particular the various types of bone fissures. For a doctoral thesis it is surprisingly well produced in the larger folio format, using appealing typography and including four…

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    1835. Small folio, pp. [viii], 36, [2] duplicate leaf of pp. 35-6,[37]-44, [4] explanation to plates and vitae curriculum; with four engraved plates, one partially hand-coloured in blue and red, and signed ‘Franz Wagner del, C. Guinard sc’; title-page somewhat browned, with further browning and foxing throughout, plates quite prominently foxed and browned, corners a little furled, with a few small marginal nicks and tears, ink accession number at upper margin of title-page with very faint blindstamp at tail; A detailed dissertation on pathological anatomy, focusing upon human and animal abnormalities, and in particular the various types of bone fissures. For a doctoral thesis it is surprisingly well produced in the larger folio format, using appealing typography and including four finely engraved plates illustrating the head of a young lamb or calf.
    Conrad Meyer-Ahrens (1813-1872) was a Swiss physician and medical historian. He studied at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin where he publicly defended the present dissertation. The dedication is to his teacher, Johannes Müller. Hirsch, p.223; OCLC locate copies at Chicago, Harvard, Michigan, Columbia, Cornell, New York Academy, Washington and Cambridge.

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    Condition: sympathetically rebound in modern black marbled papers to style, with some light wear to joints and extremities.

    View basket More details Price: £200.00